தமிழ்த் தேசியம்

"To us all towns are one, all men our kin.
Life's good comes not from others' gift, nor ill
Man's pains and pains' relief are from within.
Thus have we seen in visions of the wise !."

- Tamil Poem in Purananuru, circa 500 B.C 

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Home > Unfolding Consciousness> Bahvad Gita  > Bhavad Gita Translated by Sir Edwin ArnoldChapter I > Chapter II > Chapter III > Chapter IV > Chapter V > Chapter VI > Chapter VII > Chapter VIII > Chapter IX > Chapter X > Chapter XI > Chapter XII > Chapter XIII > Chapter XIV > Chapter XV > Chapter XVI > Chapter XVII > Chapter XVIII

BHAGAVAD-GITA

translated by Sir Edwin Arnold
Chapter 15

 Chapter XV
  • Krishna. Men call the Aswattha,- the Banyan-tree,-
  • Which hath its boughs beneath, its roots above,-
  • The ever-holy tree. Yea! for its leaves
  • Are green and waving hymns which whisper Truth!
  • Who knows the Aswattha, knows Veds, and all.
  • Its branches shoot to heaven and sink to earth,
  • Even as the deeds of men, which take their birth
  • From qualities: its silver sprays and blooms,
  • And all the eager verdure of its girth,
  • Leap to quick life at kiss of sun and air,
  • As men's lives quicken to the temptings fair
  • Of wooing sense: its hanging rootlets seek
  • The soil beneath, helping to hold it there,
  • As actions wrought amid this world of men
  • Bind them by ever-tightening bonds again.
  • If ye knew well the teaching of the Tree,
  • What its shape saith; and whence it springs; and, then
  • How it must end, and all the ills of it,
  • The axe of sharp Detachment ye would whet,
  • And cleave the clinging snaky roots, and lay
  • This Aswattha of sense-life low,- to set
  • New growths upspringing to that happier sky,-
  • Which they who reach shall have no day to die,
  • Nor fade away, nor fall- to Him, I mean,
  • FATHER and FIRST, Who made the mystery
  • Of old Creation; for to Him come they
  • From passion and from dreams who break away;
  • Who part the bonds constraining them to flesh,
  • And,- Him, the Highest, worshipping alway-
  • No longer grow at mercy of what breeze
  • Of summer pleasure stirs the sleeping trees,
  • What blast of tempest tears them, bough and stem:
  • To the eternal world pass such as these!
  • Another Sun gleams there! another Moon!
  • Another Light,- not Dusk, nor Dawn, nor Noon-
  • Which they who once behold return no more;
  • They have attained My rest, life's Utmost boon!
  • When, in this world of manifested life,
  • The undying Spirit, setting forth from Me,
  • Taketh on form, it draweth to itself
  • From Being's storehouse,- which containeth all,-
  • Senses and intellect. The Sovereign Soul
  • Thus entering the flesh, or quitting it,
  • Gathers these up, as the wind gathers scents,
  • Blowing above the flower.-beds. Ear and Eye,
  • And Touch and Taste, and Smelling, these it takes,-
  • Yea, and a sentient mind;- linking itself
  • To sense-things so.
  • The unenlightened ones
  • Mark not that Spirit when he goes or comes,
  • Nor when he takes his pleasure in the form,
  • Conjoined with qualities; but those see plain
  • Who have the eyes to see. Holy souls see
  • Which strive thereto. Enlightened, they perceive
  • That Spirit in themselves; but foolish ones,
  • Even though they strive, discern not, having hearts
  • Unkindled, ill-informed!
  • Know, too, from Me
  • Shineth the gathered glory of the suns
  • Which lighten all the world: from Me the moons
  • Draw silvery beams, and fire fierce loveliness.
  • I penetrate the clay, and lend all shapes
  • Their living force; I glide into the plant-
  • Root, leaf, and bloom- to make the woodlands green
  • With springing sap. Becoming vital warmth,
  • I glow in glad, respiring frames, and pass,
  • With outward and with inward breath, to feed
  • The body by all meats.
  • For in this world
  • Being is twofold: the Divided, one;
  • The Undivided, one. All things that live
  • Are "the Divided." That which sits apart,
  • "The Undivided."
  • Higher still is He,
  • The Highest, holding all, whose Name is LORD,
  • The Eternal, Sovereign, First! Who fills all worlds,
  • Sustaining them. And- dwelling thus beyond
  • Divided Being and Undivided- I
  • Am called of men and Vedas, Life Supreme,
  • The PURUSHOTTAMA.
  • Who knows Me thus,
  • With mind unclouded, knoweth all, dear Prince!
  • And with his whole soul ever worshippeth Me.
  • Now is the sacred, secret Mystery
  • Declared to thee! Who comprehendeth this
  • Hath wisdom! He is quit of works in bliss!

HERE ENDETH Chapter XV OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA, Entitled "Purushottamapraptiyog," Or "The Book of Religion by Attaining the Supreme."

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