தமிழ்த் தேசியம்

"To us all towns are one, all men our kin.
Life's good comes not from others' gift, nor ill
Man's pains and pains' relief are from within.
Thus have we seen in visions of the wise !."

- Tamil Poem in Purananuru, circa 500 B.C 

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Home > Unfolding Consciousness > Bahvad Gita  > Bhavad Gita Translated by Sir Edwin ArnoldChapter I > Chapter II > Chapter III > Chapter IV > Chapter V > Chapter VI > Chapter VII > Chapter VIII > Chapter IX > Chapter X > Chapter XI > Chapter XII > Chapter XIII > Chapter XIV > Chapter XV > Chapter XVI > Chapter XVII > Chapter XVIII

BHAGAVAD-GITA

translated by Sir Edwin Arnold
Chapter 14

 Chapter XIV
  • Krishna. Yet farther will I open unto thee
  • This wisdom of all wisdoms, uttermost,
  • The which possessing, all My saints have passed
  • To perfectness. On such high verities
  • Reliant, rising into fellowship
  • With Me, they are not born again at birth
  • Of Kalpas, nor at Pralyas suffer change!
  • This Universe the womb is where I plant
  • Seed of all lives! Thence, Prince of India, comes
  • Birth to all beings! Whoso, Kunti's Son!
  • Mothers each mortal form, Brahma conceives,
  • And I am He that fathers, sending seed!
  • Sattwan, Raias, and Tamas, so are named
  • The qualities of Nature, "Soothfastness,"
  • "Passion," and "Ignorance." These three bind down
  • The changeless Spirit in the changeful flesh.
  • Whereof sweet "Soothfastness," by purity
  • Living unsullied and enlightened, binds
  • The sinless Soul to happiness and truth;
  • And Passion, being kin to appetite,
  • And breeding impulse and propensity,
  • Binds the embodied Soul, O Kunti's Son!
  • By tie of works. But Ignorance, begot
  • Of Darkness, blinding mortal men, binds down
  • Their souls to stupor, sloth, and drowsiness.
  • Yea, Prince of India! Soothfastness binds souls
  • In pleasant wise to flesh; and Passion binds
  • By toilsome strain; but Ignorance, which blots
  • The beams of wisdom, binds the soul to sloth.
  • Passion and Ignorance, once overcome,
  • Leave Soothfastness, O Bharata! Where this
  • With Ignorance are absent, Passion rules;
  • And Ignorance in hearts not good nor quick.
  • When at all gateways of the Body shines
  • The Lamp of Knowledge, then may one see well
  • Soothfastness settled in that city reigns;
  • Where longing is, and ardour, and unrest,
  • Impulse to strive and gain, and avarice,
  • Those spring from Passion- Prince!- engrained; and where
  • Darkness and dulness, sloth and stupor are,
  • 'Tis Ignorance hath caused them, Kuru Chief!
  • Moreover, when a soul departeth, fixed
  • In Soothfastness, it goeth to the place-
  • Perfect and pure- of those that know all Truth.
  • If it departeth in set habitude
  • Of Impulse, it shall pass into the world
  • Of spirits tied to works; and, if it dies
  • In hardened Ignorance, that blinded soul
  • Is born anew in some unlighted womb.
  • The fruit of Soothfastness is true and sweet;
  • The fruit of lusts is pain and toil; the fruit
  • Of Ignorance is deeper darkness. Yea!
  • For Light brings light, and Passion ache to have;
  • And gloom, bewilderments, and ignorance
  • Grow forth from Ignorance. Those of the first
  • Rise ever higher; those of the second mode
  • Take a mid place; the darkened souls sink back
  • To lower deeps, loaded with witlessness!
  • When, watching life, the living man perceives
  • The only actors are the Qualities,
  • And knows what rules beyond the Qualities,
  • Then is he come nigh unto Me!
  • The Soul,
  • Thus passing forth from the Three Qualities-
  • Whereby arise all bodies- overcomes
  • Birth, Death, Sorrow, and Age; and drinketh deep
  • The undying wine of Amrit.
  • Arjuna. Oh, my Lord!
  • Which be the signs to know him that hath gone
  • Past the Three Modes? How liveth he? What way
  • Leadeth him safe beyond the threefold Modes?
  • Krishna. He who with equanimity surveys
  • Lustre of goodness, strife of passion, sloth
  • Of ignorance, not angry if they are,
  • Not wishful when they are not: he who sits
  • A sojourner and stranger in their midst
  • Unruffled, standing off, saying- serene-
  • When troubles break, "These be the Qualities!
  • He unto whom- self-centred- grief and joy
  • Sound as one word; to whose deep-seeing eyes
  • The clod, the marble, and the gold are one;
  • Whose equal heart holds the same gentleness
  • For lovely and unlovely things, firm-set,
  • Well-pleased in praise and dispraise; satisfied
  • With honour or dishonour; unto friends
  • And unto foes alike in tolerance;
  • Detached from undertakings,- he is named
  • Surmounter of the Qualities!
  • And such-
  • With single, fervent faith adoring Me,
  • Passing beyond the Qualities, conforms
  • To Brahma, and attains Me!
  • For I am
  • That whereof Brahma is the likeness! Mine
  • The Amrit is; and Immortality
  • Is mine; and mine perfect Felicity!
  • HERE ENDETH Chapter XIV OF THE
  • BHAGAVAD-GITA,
  • Entitled "Gunatrayavibhagayog,"
  • Or "The Book of Religion by Separation from the Qualities."
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