தமிழ்த் தேசியம்

"To us all towns are one, all men our kin.
Life's good comes not from others' gift, nor ill
Man's pains and pains' relief are from within.
Thus have we seen in visions of the wise !."

- Tamil Poem in Purananuru, circa 500 B.C 

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Home > Unfolding Consciousness> Bahvad Gita  > Bhavad Gita Translated by Sir Edwin ArnoldChapter I > Chapter II > Chapter III > Chapter IV > Chapter V > Chapter VI > Chapter VII > Chapter VIII > Chapter IX > Chapter X > Chapter XI > Chapter XII > Chapter XIII > Chapter XIV > Chapter XV > Chapter XVI > Chapter XVII > Chapter XVIII

BHAGAVAD-GITA

translated by Sir Edwin Arnold
Chapter 13

 Chapter XIII
  • Arjuna. Now would I hear, O gracious Kesava!
  • Of Life which seems, and Soul beyond, which sees,
  • And what it is we know- or think to know.
  • Krishna. Yea! Son of Kunti! for this flesh ye see
  • Is Kshetra, is the field where Life disports;
  • And that which views and knows it is the Soul,
  • Kshetrajna. In all "fields," thou Indian prince!
  • I am Kshetrajna. I am what surveys!
  • Only that knowledge knows which knows the known
  • By the knower! What it is, that "field" of life,
  • What qualities it hath, and whence it is,
  • And why it changeth, and the faculty
  • That wotteth it, the mightiness of this,
  • And how it wotteth- hear these things from Me!
  • The elements, the conscious life, the mind,
  • The unseen vital force, the nine strange gates
  • Of the body, and the five domains of sense;
  • Desire, dislike, pleasure and pain, and thought
  • Deep-woven, and persistency of being;
  • These all are wrought on Matter by the Soul!
  • Humbleness, truthfulness, and harmlessness,
  • Patience and honour, reverence for the wise.
  • Purity, constancy, control of self,
  • Contempt of sense-delights, self-sacrifice,
  • Perception of the certitude of ill
  • In birth, death, age, disease, suffering, and sin;
  • Detachment, lightly holding unto home,
  • Children, and wife, and all that bindeth men;
  • An ever-tranquil heart in fortunes good
  • And fortunes evil, with a will set firm
  • To worship Me- Me only! ceasing not;
  • Loving all solitudes, and shunning noise
  • Of foolish crowds; endeavours resolute
  • To reach perception of the Utmost Soul,
  • And grace to understand what gain it were
  • So to attain,- this is true Wisdom, Prince!
  • And what is otherwise is ignorance!
  • Now will I speak of knowledge best to know-
  • That Truth which giveth man Amrit to drink,
  • The Truth of HIM, the Para-Brahm, the All,
  • The Uncreated; not Asat, nor Sat,
  • Not Form, nor the Unformed; yet both, and more;-
  • Whose hands are everywhere, and everywhere
  • Planted His feet, and everywhere His eyes
  • Beholding, and His ears in every place
  • Hearing, and all His faces everywhere
  • Enlightening and encompassing His worlds.
  • Glorified in the senses He hath given,
  • Yet beyond sense He is; sustaining all,
  • Yet dwells He unattached: of forms and modes
  • Master, yet neither form nor mode hath He;
  • He is within all beings- and without-
  • Motionless, yet still moving; not discerned
  • For subtlety of instant presence; close
  • To all, to each; yet measurelessly far!
  • Not manifold, and yet subsisting still
  • In all which lives; for ever to be known
  • As the Sustainer, yet, at the End of Times,
  • He maketh all to end- and re-creates.
  • The Light of Lights He is, in the heart of the Dark
  • Shining eternally. Wisdom He is
  • And Wisdom's way, and Guide of all the wise,
  • Planted in every heart.
  • So have I told
  • Of Life's stuff, and the moulding, and the lore
  • To comprehend. Whoso, adoring Me,
  • Perceiveth this, shall surely come to Me!
  • Know thou that Nature and the Spirit both
  • Have no beginning! Know that qualities
  • And changes of them are by Nature wrought;
  • That Nature puts to work the acting frame,
  • But Spirit doth inform it, and so cause
  • Feeling of pain and pleasure. Spirit, linked
  • To moulded matter, entereth into bond
  • With qualities by Nature framed, and, thus
  • Married to matter, breeds the birth again
  • In good or evil yonis.
  • Yet is this-
  • Yea! in its bodily prison!- Spirit pure,
  • Spirit supreme; surveying, governing,
  • Guarding, possessing; Lord and Master still
  • PURUSHA, Ultimate, One Soul with Me.
  • Whoso thus knows himself, and knows his soul
  • PURUSHA, working through the qualities
  • With Nature's modes, the light hath come for him!
  • Whatever flesh he bears, never again
  • Shall he take on its load. Some few there be
  • By meditation find the Soul in Self
  • Self-schooled; and some by long philosophy
  • And holy life reach thither; some by works:
  • Some, never so attaining, hear of light
  • From other lips, and seize, and cleave to it
  • Worshipping; yea! and those- to teaching true-
  • Overpass Death!
  • Wherever, Indian Prince!
  • Life is- of moving things, or things unmoved,
  • Plant or still seed- know, what is there hath grown
  • By bond of Matter and of Spirit: Know
  • He sees indeed who sees in all alike
  • The living, lordly Soul; the Soul Supreme,
  • Imperishable amid the Perishing:
  • For, whoso thus beholds, in every place,
  • In every form, the same, one, Living Life,
  • Doth no more wrongfulness unto himself,
  • But goes the highest road which brings to bliss.
  • Seeing, he sees, indeed, who sees that works
  • Are Nature's wont, for Soul to practise by
  • Acting, yet not the agent; sees the mass
  • Of separate living things- each of its kind-
  • Issue from One, and blend again to One:
  • Then hath he BRAHMA, he attains!
  • O Prince!
  • That Ultimate, High Spirit, Uncreate,
  • Unqualified, even when it entereth flesh
  • Taketh no stain of acts, worketh in nought!
  • Like to th' ethereal air, pervading all,
  • Which, for sheer subtlety, avoideth taint,
  • The subtle Soul sits everywhere, unstained:
  • Like to the light of the all-piercing sun
  • [Which is not changed by aught it shines upon,]
  • The Soul's light shineth pure in every place;
  • And they who, by such eye of wisdom, see
  • How Matter, and what deals with it, divide;
  • And how the Spirit and the flesh have strife,
  • Those wise ones go the way which leads to Life!
  • HERE ENDETH Chapter XIII OF THE
  • BHAGAVAD-GITA,
  • Entitled "Kshetrakshetrajnavibhagayog,"
  • Or "The Book of Religion by Separation of Matter and Spirit."
  • Mail Us up- truth is a pathless land - Home