What Caused Veerappan?
a Tamil writer from Karnataka
Nedumaran and Guna
Comment by tamilnation.org - please also
History of Bangalore - "The building of Bangalore began when
the Vijayanagar emperor gifted Kempagowda a large piece of land.
Kempegowda was a Yelahanka Prabhu chieftain at that point of
time. Kempegowda used the revenue from the land for the
development of a town, and he encouraged foreign merchants,
artists, and artisans to settle down in the town..." and
A grand dream
- "The history of Bangalore is the story
of the realisation of a grand dream, the dream of Kempe Gowda I.
His dream to build a new capital was triggered off by his visits
to Hampi, the beautiful capital of the famous Vijayanagar
Kingdom. The grandeur of Hampi during the first Vijayadashami
celebrations in 1515 A.D. and again during the coronation of
King Achutaraya in 1529 A.D. must have greatly impressed Kempe
Gowda. He expressed his desire to the king. The Vijayanagar
ruler not only granted permission to his chieftain to build a
new city for himself, but also donated 12 hoblis (revenue
subdivisions) with an annual income of 30,000 varahas (gold
coins) to meet the expenses for the venture. "
After nine long years, things seem to be turning around. The abduction
of the thespian Rajkumar by
Sandalwood Veerappan is a nodal point in the anti-Tamil
politics, which the Kannada zealots have been meticulously peddling since the seventies of
the last century. It is politics by other means, which has unfolded in
the style of Veerappan. It indeed marks the transformation of the outlaw into
a person who has chosen to pioneer the cause of Tamils national liberation.
The States Reorganisation in 1956 led to the marginalisation of Tamils in the
areas, which were acceded to from the erstwhile Madras Presidency to the new-found Greater
Mysore. The city of Bangalore, which itself was founded.... in 1537, was predominantly Tamil in
its demographic composition. Kollegal, which was largely Tamil, was acceded to
Greater Mysore, as Chittoor district was annexed to Andhra Pradesh and the huge Idikki
district to Kerala. Though asked whether they wanted the Kolar Gold Fields to go with the
diminished Madras State when the States were being reorganised, the headless leaders among
the KGF Tamils preferred to remain with the Greater Mysore. The plight of the
KGF Tamils has its fountainhead here.
With the fond hopes of carving out a fair deal for themselves, the Tamils in Karnataka
contributed their mite to build up the new State. Their share in turning
Bangalore into a blooming modern city is quite big.
Kannadigas in Minority
The Commission for linguistic Minorities constituted after the States
Reorganisation was meant also to take care of the interests of the of the Tamils in the
traditionally Tamil areas which gradually became either colonised by the Kannadigas and
Telugus or were unjustly acceded to the new-found State of New Mysore. The
Dravidian and "Indian" pipe dreams of Tamil Nadu leaders so blatantly betrayed
It was merely ritualistic window dressing for the Commissioner for Linguistic
Minorities to submit a drab and farce annual report to the President of India on the
question of protection of the linguistic minorities in Karnataka. It was a
commission that seldom lived up to our expectation. The whole exercise proved
to be sham when the Kannada Chaluvali Movement rose particularly in the capital
With Kolar, Bellary and Chitradurga districts with major chunks of
Telugu population; Kolar Gold Fields, Bangalore, Bhadravati and Kollegal being
predominantly Tamil; Belgaum, Nippani, Bidar going largely Marathi-speaking; the district
of North Canara speaking Konkani; South Canara district being the traditional homeland of
Tulus; Kodagu being a land with its own language, history and culture; and the sizeable
spread over of the Urdu speaking population, the actual Kannadiga population is just
around 37 per cent in the State.
This demographic anachronism made the minority Kannadigas to live with a hazy majority
complex. It caused the Kannada psyche to go aggressively chauvinistic in its
expression, rather than evolving into the linguistic national or nationality consciousness
seeking the right of self-determination.
Other non-Kannadigas often raise a question: "Why Tamils alone are being targeted
by the Kannadigas?"
They have to understand the historic backdrop of the
anti-Tamil preoccupation of the Kannada Chaluvali movement.
The districts of
Kolar, Bangalore, Mysore, parts of Mandya and Tumkur formed the kingdom of the
Gangas. It was known as Old Mysore after the States were
Though the Ganganadu was often ruled by non-Tamils, the mainstay
of its population remained Tamil; and they were called as Thigilaru by the
Kannadigas. Ganganadu was the traditional homeland of the
This historical fact was sought to be suppressed by the large influx
of the Telugu-speaking Reddies from the Ceded Districts of the former Madras Presidency
for over a century. With the expansion of Bangalore as the capital of the New
Karnataka and the formation of the Bangalore Development Authority, the naive and boorish
Thigilars' virgin lands were taken over by the State. Reddy colonisers sought
to usurp what was left out with them.
The Reddy colonisers in the Old Mysore region acquired aggressive overtones through
their initiation into the Kannada Chaluvali ideology. Founded by theTelugu
Brahmanical interests as a reaction to the virulent anti-Brahman politics of the
neighbouring Tamilnadu, the chauvinist orientation of the Karnataka politics came as a
boon to the land and power hungry Reddy usurpers.
Film based Tamil Politics
Modelled on the film-based Dravidian politics, which the Telugus and other non-Tamils
in the Tamil country cultivated, the Chaluvali politics chose to nurse a similar
film-based cult in the thespian Rajkumar, though he is of Tamil-Telugu
parentage. Thus grew the genie. So, Tamils were meticulously
Their right to learn their mother tongue was gradually and
systematically marginalised. Job opportunities to them were almost brought to
a naught. The Gokak Report and the anti-Tamil riots that followed in 1982 was
its logical tide.
But the Karnataka Tamils seldom resisted the anti-Tamil goblin, thinking
that things will gradually settle to find reason. The treacherous leadership
of the Dravidian parties were the first cause for the meek submission of the Karnataka
Tamils before the aggressive overtones and gestures of the Chaluvali politics.
The reason was that the leadership of the Dravidian parties were invariably non-Tamil,
though their cadres and sympathisers were Tamils.
Then came the interim order of the Cauvery Water Tribunal in 1991 and the well-planned
out State violence unleashed by the very Chief Minister of Karnataka, Mr. S.
Bangarappa. His mute genocide took the toll of around 1,000 poor and wretched
Tamils, and caused an exodus of over 1½ lakh Karnataka Tamils to Tamilnadu.
The loss to their property was worth hundred of crores.
Enslaved Tamil Nation
Karnataka Tamils under the grip of the Dravidian ideology stood stunned, benumbed and
dismayed over the turn of events over the last three decades. They could not
find a way out of the drifting sands. Events gradually led them to look at the
Dravidian tale of Tamil-Kannada natal ties with mistrust and discover that it suits only
the non-Tamils to yoke the Tamils in Tamilnadu. They realised that Tamilnadu
has let them down.
How could an enslaved nation redeem its kinsmen
elsewhere? They realised that the Dravidian ideology was chosen and nursed by
a Malayali T. M. Nair and a virulently Telugu Pitty Thyagaraja Chetty of the former
Justice Party, and fostered by
E. V. Ramasamy Naicker (a Kannadiga),
C. N. Annadurai and
M. Karunanidhi, (both Telugus),
M. G. Ramachandran (a Malayali) and Jayalalitha (a Kannada
Brahman on her mother's side), Tamils have thus lost their very
linguistic Tamil national identity through the Dravidian trap.
contrary, Kannada, Telugu and Malayali ethnic consciousness grew strong with the formation
of the new States of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Kerala.
The alienation of Tamils in Karnataka has indeed a blessing in disguise, as their
intellect could rediscover the fallen Tamil from the debris of their history.
Kannadigas have helped the Karnataka Tamils to open their eyes. What was the
cause for the fragmentation of the Tamils into irreconcilable castes and the caste-based
politics that taunt the Tamil country? What distorted the Tamils' national
A search into these domains taught that the alien invasions
alone were the actual and primary cause for the peoples world over, and their becoming the
oppressed. If so, whose invasions led to the fall and enslavement of the
Were they the
so called "Aryan" invasions that came through
the Khyber and Bolan passes as the European historiography had concocted? The
probe began. Kannadigas indeed stand out as teachers to Tamils, by negative
We find that most of the invasions on the Tamil country were from
Karnataka. It began with the Kalabhra invasions around 250 A. D., and
their pillage over the Tamil country for over three centuries. Then came
the Chlaukya, Hoysala, and Vijayanagara Nayakka invasions on the Tamil
land. The Telugu Pallavas ruled over the Tamils after the Kalabhras.
Then came the question of studying the history of those alien invaders. We
find in the Sangam Tamil Classics frequent references to a semi-barbarian and ferocious
stock of people who roamed around beyond the Vénkadam (Thirupathi) hills.
They served as mercenaries to many of the ancient States, particularly the
Mauryas. They were called Vadugar in Tamil classics. These
Vadugar got split into Eastern Vadugar and Western Vadugar, as was the case with the
German barbarians breaking up into Eastern and Western Goths. The Eastern
Vadugar gradually became Telugus. The Western Vadugar, who were called
as Kósar in the Sangam literature, became the Kannadigas. The northern
fraction of these Kósar were called as Mārattar; and they became the Marathis
later. The northern segment of the Telugu Vadugar in Kalinga broke into
The first ever territory that the Kósar or the Kannada
Vadugar occupied in the former Chera country was the Tulunādu, as the Tamil literary
evidences tell. Then they came down to the present Mysore, then called as
It was thus called as it was conquered by a Vadugan called Erumai. He
participated in the Thalaiyālankānam battle against Pandyan Nedunchezhiyan of the Sangam
The successive invasions of these Vadugar barbarians and their overrunning the Chera,
Chola and Pandya empires of the antiquity was the cause for the fall of the Tamils and
their subjugation and classification into low class aborigines.
Brahmanism, as an apartheid way of life, in fact, had its origin only in the Chera country
(Kerala) through the legendary person in Parasurāma.
Whereas the Aryan
concept had its root in the north.
The British colonial intellect confused
Brahmanism with Aryanism, and had imposed a false historiography by branding Brahmanism as
an import from the north. Though born down the extreme south in the Chera
country, Brahmanism was carried into the Chola and Pandya countries only through the
Kannada and Telugu (or the Vadugar) Brahmans.
Manu Smruti, which was
written in Karnataka, was adopted as the social code by the court of Pulikesi II, the
Chalukya monarch. The Chalukyan epigraphical eulogies of mānavakula
Mānava Dharma would show it. It was the Vadugar colonisers who imposed
birth-based caste discriminations and untouchability on the Tamils in the Chola and Pandya
These findings helped the enlightened among the Karnataka Tamils to disown and
discredit the Dravidian ideology and rediscover their Tamil identity. So the
beacon is now in the hands of the Karnataka Tamils.
Rajkumar not Kannadiga
Veerappan's initiation into Tamils' cause was during the 1991 anti-Tamil carnage in
Karnataka. He was a witness to the Kannada chauvinist outrage on the
Tamils, and was therefore drawn into the fray to defend the Tamils in the border district
of Chamarajanagar. It had left a deep scar in his mind and had in fact
was troubling him within. So he chose to avenge for the violent sufferings and
humiliations which the Karnataka Tamils were subjected to in 1991.
The irony is that Veerappan is a Karnataka Tamil. He was born at
Gopinaththam that falls within 10 kilometers west of river Pālāru, a tributory of
Cauvery, that marks the border delineating Karnataka and Tamilnadu. Gopinaththam is
right inside Karnataka after the Tamil-speaking Kollegal was annexed to it during States'
reorganisation. Whereas, the thespian Rajkumar's father was from
Singānallur which next to the Coimbatore Town on the Coimbatore-Sulur Road. He was a
Telugu speaking Idiga. His mother was Lakshmiamma, a Tamil. More so, the term
was a Telugu derivative of the name Eezhavar, which means those who were originally
from Eelam or the island of Sri Lanka. Such a person could later become
the icon of Kannada chauvinism in Karnataka!
The gloom of the Dravidian dupe fades out while the Tamil seeks the right of
self-determination. Karnataka Tamils stand out as the beacon light.
environment that drove Veerappan into the forests as a sandalwood smuggler or poacher had
lit in him the fiery fire of Tamil nationalism, as he had witnessed the State sponsored
anti-Tamil violence for ethnic cleansing.
So, Veerappan has don a new
role. The myth of Aryan-Dravidian dichotomy
is going to suffer its fatal
beatings in the process; and, sure, the Tamil will stand up to seize the
The Tamilnadu Tamils, who are stuck up in the marshes of nasty caste
politics thrust on them by the Vadugar-Dravidian bluffs are going to be shaken and roused
finally by Karanataka Tamils. There is no escape from it! Karnataka Tamils will catalyse the Tamil awakening. It seems to be their
history's destiny. Veerappan has identified the
enemy. So, he blows the conch for the cause of Tamils' liberation, and
the restorations of their land and glory.