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"To us all towns are one, all men our kin.
Life's good comes not from others' gift, nor ill
Man's pains and pains' relief are from within.
Thus have we seen in visions of the wise !."

- Tamil Poem in Purananuru, circa 500 B.C 

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Home > Right to Self Determination  > The Right of Nations to Self Determination - V.I.Lenin

The Right of Nations to
Self Determination

V.I.Lenin
June 1914 
(from Collected Works, 4th English Edition,
Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1964)

 "...What is meant by the Self Determination of Nations?.. What should be understood by that term? Should the answer be sought in legal definitions deduced from all sorts of "general concepts" of law? Or is it rather to be sought in a historico-economic study of the national movements?... To accuse those who support freedom of self-determination, i.e., freedom to secede, of encouraging separatism, is as foolish and hypocritical as accusing those who advocate freedom of divorce of encouraging the destruction of family ties. Just as in bourgeois society the defenders of privilege and corruption, on which bourgeois marriage rests, oppose freedom of divorce, so, in the capitalist state, repudiation of the right to self-determination, i.e., the right of nations to secede, means nothing more than defence of the privileges of the dominant nation and police methods of administration, to the detriment of democratic methods..."

Preface
What is Meant by the Self-Determination of Nations?
The Historically Concrete Presentation of the Question 
The Concrete Features of the National Question in Russia, and Russia's Bourgeois-Democratic Reformation 
"Practicality" in the National Question 
The Liberal Bourgeoisie and the Socialist Opportunists in
the National Question
 
Norway's Secession from Sweden  
The Resolution of the London International Congress, 1896
The Utopian Karl Marx and the Practical Rosa Luxemburg
The 1903 Programme and Its Liquidators 
Conclusion



What is meant by the Self Determination of Nations?

The Historically Concrete presentation of the Question

Concrete Features of the National Question in Russia and Russia's Bourgeois-Democratic Reformation

Practicality in the National Question

Liberal Bourgeoise and Social Opportunists in the National Question


Norways Secession from Sweden


Resolution of the London International Congress 1896

The Utopian Karl Marx and the Practical Rosa Luxembourg

The 1903 Programme and its Liquidators

No clever man is needed there;
Better send Read,
And I shall wait and see

Conclusion

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