all towns are
one, all men our kin.
|Home||Trans State Nation||Tamil Eelam||Beyond Tamil Nation||Comments||Search|
Home > Unfolding Consciousness > Spirituality & the Tamil Nation > Ramalinga Atikal - Vallalar
|Vallalar- Siddha Sanmarga|
|Thiru Arutprakasa Vallalar's Homepage...|
Dr.N.Kannan on Vallalar - "வள்ளலாரின் பெரும் பங்களிப்பு அவரது
சமரச சன்மார்க்கம் ஆகும்.
'எம்மத நிலையும் நின்னருள் நிலையில்
இலங்குதல் அறிந்தனன் எல்லாம்
சம்மதம் ஆக்கிக் கொள்கின்றேன் அல்லால்
செம்மலுன் பாதம் அறியநான் அறியேன்
சிறிதும் இங்கினித்துயர் ஆற்றேன்
இம்மதிக் கடியேன் குறித்தவா றுள்ள
தியற்றுவ துன்கடன் எந்தாய்'"
|Thiruvarutpa of rAmalinga swamigal at Shaivaism.org|
|Ramalinga Swamigal Home Page|
|Ramalinga Swamigal at Karnatic "..he was a Tamil saint of Vadalur, considered one of the greatest Tamil poets of the 19th century, and also a great revolutionary..."|
rAmalinga atikaL - TiruvarutpA
|tiruvarutpA - tirumuRai 1(verses 1 -570) tscii- unicode - pdf|
|thiruvarutpa - thirumurai 2
(verses 571 - 1006)
tscii - pdf -
(verses 1007 - 1543) - tscii - pdf unicode
(verses 1544 - 1958) - tscii - pdf unicode
|tiruvarutpA - tirumuRai 3 (verses 1959 - 2570) tscii - pdf - unicode|
|tiruvarutpA - tirumuRai 4 (verses 2571- 3028) tscii - pdf - unicode|
|tiruvarutpA - tirumuRai 5
(verses 3029-3266) tscii - pdf - unicode
|tiruvarutpA - tirumuRai 6
(verses 3267 - 3871) tscii - pdf - unicode
(verses 3872 - 4614) tscii- pdf - unicode
(verses 4615 - 5063) tscii - pdf - unicode
(verses 5064 -5818) tscii- pdf -unicode
|akaval verses of tiruvarutpA
and vaTivuTai mANikkamAlai
tscii- pdf - unicode
|tiruvarutpA - tanippATalkaL
tscii - pdf - unicode
இராமலிங்க அடிகள் - வள்ளலார்
From Professor C.R.Krishnamurthy in Thamizh Literature Through the Ages.....
The nineteenth century poet-saint rAmalinga atikaL (இராமலிங்க அடிகள்) is one among the few leaders who had succeeded in making profound changes in people's religious perception with their thoughts, deeds and words. He is also respectfully referred to as VaLLalAr (வள்ளலார்). rAamalingar's life is an epitome of simplicity, compassion for all living things and selfless service. He lived most of his life in the city of Madras and had the opportunity of learning first hand the social problems of modern communities and decided to dedicate his life for the achievement of religious equanimity (சமரச சமயம்) and righteousness in all endeavours (சன்மார்க்கம்).
With these objectives in mind, he moved to a small place, VadalUr (வடலூர்) near Cithambaram (சிதம்பரம்) and established institutions (சத்திய ஞானசபை & சத்திய தருமசாலை) for the promotion of his spiritual concepts. At the time when his philosophy was introduced, he appeared to be well ahead of his time and people were not ready to comprehend his teachings (MInAtchi sun^tharan, 1974). It is extremely gratifying that the universality of his concepts has since been appreciated by many and his followers are increasing in numbers.
Literary Features of rAmalingar's literary works
a) His Thiru arutpA (திருவருட்பா) , made up of 5818 poems is regarded to be an excellent blend of literary beauty and divine grace. He had adopted the Aciriya Viruttham style (ஆசிரிய விருத்தம்) for most of his poems which are arranged in six, seven or eight meters (ஆறுசீர், எழுசீர், எண்சீர் வரிசைகள்).
Thiru arutpA is a collection of several works (தொகைநூல்) written by VaLLalAr on a variety of topics. VaLLalAr made it clear to his followers that his literary efforts represent his personal experiences of spiritual ecstasy and requested them not to publish them and make it commercial. With great persuasion his followers did manage to obtain his permission and got Thiru arutpA published in six volumes (ஆறுதிருமுறைகள்)..
His repentance for the predicament he faced subsequently and the humility he suffered in this regard can be appreciated from the following poem:
His followers regard VaLLalAr's collected work as the twelfth Thiru MuRai (பன்னிரண்டாம்திருமுறை) and claim that it should be added to the eleven Saiva canons (Thiru MuRai) already in existence.
b) His literary policy is that only divine literature is true literature (இறைஇலக்கியம் தான் நிறைஇலக்கியம்). He has used the word, ilakkiyam (இலக்கியம்) specifically in his poems:
c) VaLLalAr believed in a simple literary style which will deliver the message (எளிமையிற் பொருண்மை). Yet his verses carried deep spiritual concepts with clarity. Instead of trying to please his followers, he described his own personal experiences with conviction and sweetness. However his prose contains very long sentences which are difficult to understand. An example of his simplicity follows:
d) In order to convince people that the Absolute Being they are seeking is right within us, he creates a pleasant atmosphere to ease our anguish as in the following poem popularized by famous musicians (eg. S.G.KittappA, T.R.MahAlingam).
e) To emphasize that devotional poems should be soft and sweet, VaLLalAr made use of the soft consonants (மெல்லின இடையினங்கள்) in the words and phrases as in the following stanza :
This format follows the tradition stipulated by TholkAppiar, (இழுமென்மொழியால் விழுமியது நுவலினும்).
f) In employing similes VaLLalAr chose analogies whcih are most appropriate to the situation. The following poem compares the mind which wanders all over the place to a variety of things with a high sense of humour:
g) Apart from decrying the importance of rituals and superstitions, his greatest contributions to spiritual philosophy are his concept of the combined VEdhAn^tham and SitthAn^tham (வேதாந்த சித்தாந்தம்), the equanimity of all religions (cmrcmf) and righteousness (சன்மார்க்கம்.) Indeed he carries the value of equinamity among all human beings to the extreme limit as described in the following poem. He begs Lord Sivan who dances equally well before one and all to accept his offerings of music; requests Him to bless the literate and illiterate with happiness; bless those who can see and who don't see with real vision; bless the mighty and the meek; bless those who care as well those who don't with wisdom; bless both the good and the bad equally:
h) The catholocity of his teachings is best illustrated in the following prayer song which is very popular. "Oh Kan^thA, guide me to get the friendship of good people who meditate on you with serenity, help me avoid the friendship of hypocrites, help me speak of your glory, help me avoid speaking lies, help me to be virtuous, remove my arrogance, help me to lead a chaste life, help me think of you always, bless me with wisdom, good health and Your grace":
It appears that ThirumUlar (திருமுலர்) planted the seeds for the personification of the indivisible Sivan (Supreme Being) as love (அன்பும் சிவனும் இரண்டென்பர் அறிவிலார்) ; ThAyumAnavar (தாயுமானவர்) nurtured these ideas to evolve the concept of equanimity of all religions with his theory of SitthAn^tha Samarasam (சித்தாந்தசமரசம்) ; rAmalingar (இராமலிங்கர்) made them bear fruits with his philosophy of VEdhAn^tha SitthAn^tha Samarasa SanmArkkam (வேதாந்த சித்தாந்த சமரச சன்மார்க்கம்).