தமிழ்த் தேசியம்

"To us all towns are one, all men our kin.
Life's good comes not from others' gift, nor ill
Man's pains and pains' relief are from within.
Thus have we seen in visions of the wise !."

- Tamil Poem in Purananuru, circa 500 B.C 

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CONTENTS 
Last updated
23/10/07

தமிழீழ தேசிய தொலைக்காட்சியில் ஒளிபரப்பாகிய - கரும்புலிகள் நாள் சிறப்பு நிகழ்ச்சி 6 July 2007
Vignettes on Three Black Tiger Heroes in the Battlefield - Sachi Sri Kantha, 2004
NorthEast prepares to celebrate Black Tigers Day - 2004
Of Martyrdom and Hope: Lessons from early Christian Struggle - Sachi Sri Kantha, 2001
On Suicide - My Best Essay & Socrates' Revenge - Sachi Sri Kantha, 2001
Resistance and Martyrdom in the Process of State Formation of Tamil Eelam - Peter Schalk, 1997
The Revival of Martyr Cults among Ilavar - Peter Schalk, 1997
Thiyagam & the Tamil Expatriate - Nadesan Satyendra, 1993
On the sacrificial ideology of the Liberation Tigers - Peter Schalk, 1993
The Geneva Declaration on the Question of Terrorism - Seán MacBride, Ramsey Clark,Dr. Richard Falk et al, 1987
Sabil Francis, Jawarhalal Nehru University on LTTE's Suicide Bombers, 2000 "...Suicide bombers made, not born..."
Rational Fanatics - Ehud Sprinzak, 2000 "...Whereas the threat of WMD terrorism is little more than overheated rhetoric, suicide bombing remains a devastating form of terrorism whose complete demise is unlikely in the 21st century..."
 

Homage to the Black Tigers: A Review
of Sooriya Puthalvargal 2003 Memorial Souvenir

Sachi Sri Kantha

22 June 2004


LTTE leader Pirabhakaran has been assigned the [un]flattering accolade as one of the ‘pioneers’ of suicide bombing warfare, by his adversaries and quite a few academic turkeys. In my opinion, quasi scholars like Rohan Gunaratna or for that matter Yoram Schweitzer [currently affiliated to the Centre for Strategic Studies, Tel Aviv University] practice academic incest. They cavalierly transfer intellectual vapors from each other’s communications on institutions like LTTE, without even bothering to wet their hands either on the history of Eelam territory or on the cultural heritage of Indian subcontinent. In a 2001 essay captioned Suicide Bombings: The Ultimate Weapon?', Yoram Schweitzer [then affiliated to the Interdisciplinary Center Herzlia, Israel] had written as follows:

“It should be pointed out that suicide attacks by terrorists are nothing new; the phenomenon appeared among the Jewish Sicaris in the 1st century, among the Moslem Hashishiyun in the 11th century, and among the Asians in the 18th century”, citing a source identified as “Stephen Fredric Dale, Department of History, Ohio State University.”

For these quasi-scholars on suicide warfare, history does not exist before the birth of Christ, circa 2000 years ago. In my research I found out that the real ‘inventor of suicide warfare’ should have lived nearly 5,000 years ago. He is a venerated name in ancient Hindu codes of warfare, and I believe Pirabhakaran wouldn’t mind dipping his head to that great teacher Guru Dronacharya, who trained both the Pandavas and Gauravas in archery.

For reasons such as gratitude, he fought on the losing side of Gauravas in that great Mahabharata war, which according to current scholarship should have taken place in Kurushetra, India, around 3,000 BC [+/- 250 years]. An international colloquium on the date of Kurushetra War, based on astronomical data was held in Bangalore on Jan.5-6, 2003 [For details, one can check the scholarly research study by physics Professor B.N.Narahari Achar]

Thus, my source for the progenitor of suicide warfare is Mahabharatha epic. The authority is none other than R.K.Narayan – the master story teller and contemporary interpreter of Hindu epics. Following Bhishma’s death, Guru Drona was installed as the Commander in Chief for the Kaurava side in the Kurushetra War between Pandavas and Kauravas. Yudhistira [also known by the name Dharma] was the eldest of the five Pandava brothers, whose virtue was never succumbing to utter a lie. Duryodhana, the leader of the Kaurava side, was his prime adversary. Here are the condensed passages describing the suicide warriors, in chapter 15 entitled, ‘Delirium of Destruction’ from Narayan’s commentary of Mahabharatha.

“Duryodhana suddenly developed the notion that if Yudhistira could be captured alive, victory would be his. ‘Yudhistira’s capture should have priority’, he ordered Drona. ‘I do not even want a total victory in this war; if I could have Yudhistra in my hold, it would be enough.’

He entertained a hope that he could involve Yudhistira in another gambling bout, exile him again for twelve years, and thus end the war. Next day, all the Kauravas joined in the attempt to get at Yudhistira. Drona led the sortie personally. As the Pandavas knew of his plan, Yudhistira was strongly guarded at all hours of the day and night. Yudhistira repulsed a well-mounted attack by Drona with some special astras, and then Arjuna appeared and dispersed the attacking body. Drona confessed, ‘As long as Arjuna is there we can never take Yudhistira. Something must be done to divert him and draw him away.’

In order to attract Arjuna’s attention, the Chief of Trigarta formed a suicide squad. A body of men, clad in a fabric woven of dharba grass, performed funeral obsequies for themselves and took a deadly oath before a roaring scared fire – ‘We will either kill Arjuna or be killed.’ Marching southward, which was the direction of the world of Yama, they uttered loud challenges to their foe. Arjuna heard them and announced, ‘I must go now. It is my duty to accept the challenge.’

Yudhistira cautioned him, ‘You are aware of Drona’s plans to capture me. Remember this.’ Arjuna left a strong guard for Yudhistira and hurried away. Krishna drove Arjuna’s chariot into the midst of the Trigarta force. At first they were hemmed in by the suicide squad, but soon it scattered away before Arjuna’s hail of arrows…” [*R.K.Narayan: The Mahabharata – A Shortened Modern Prose Version of the Indian Epic, Penguin Books, London, 1978, pp.151-166]

There you have it, from an impeccable source and from an Indian scholar. Suicide warfare is as old as the Mahabharata war. Narayan’s version, as the title of the book states is ‘a shortened modern prose version’, though he specifically had mentioned in his Introduction, “I have omitted none of the episodes relevant to the destinies of the chief characters. I have kept myself to the mainstream and held my version within readable limits.” Thus, it can be inferred that in the Sanskrit original of the Mahabharata epic, there April be more details on the suicide squad of the Kaurava side.

Late last year, I received a copy of Sooriya Puthalvargal, Memorial Souvenir 2003, a 96 page book, published by the LTTE’s International Secretariat. It was a much and long awaited book for me. It contained the basic details [in Tamil language] of 240 Black Tigers of LTTE, who became benefactors of Eelam Tamils by performing [or on the verge of attempting] the most daring military manueuvers in contemporary warfare. These were the contemporary practitioners of altruistic suicidal act in the battle grounds of Ceylon, perfected by Guru Drona in the Battle of Kurushetra nearly 5,000 years ago.

In 30 glossy pages, 239 young faces of men and women greeted me. Some were smiling, some were stern-looking, and some even appeared aloof [a camouflage of course!] to the camera. Their blood and flesh had been spilled in land, sea, trenches and pits. But they were not brainless, as some academic turkeys and spineless hacks had painted them to be. All were superheroes of a higher order for Tamils like me. They belong to my extended family, and they are the real things, unlike the glib Holywood generated entertainment icons like Rambo and Terminator.

Their nom de guerres were arresting and captivating. Some carried two nom de guerres. They had their origins in four corners of the North Eelam [Kankesanthurai, Valvettithurai and Paruthithurai], South Eelam [Amparai], East Eelam [Mutur] and West Eelam [Vankalai] and also in the central Eelam [Kilinochchi-Vavuniya]. One even had an origin in Sivakasi, Tamil Nadu.

Many Tamils April be familiar with the name of the first Black Tiger Captain Miller, whose birth name was Vallipuram Vasanthan, from Thunnalai, Karaveddi [achieved martyrdom on July 5, 1987]. Few April know the name of first woman Black Tiger Captain Angayarkanni, whose birth name was Pushpakala Thuraisingam from Velanai [achieved martyrdom on August 10, 1994]. But each of the remaining 238 Black Tigers presented in the Sooriya Puthalvargal 2003 memorial souvenir remain as heroes of the Eelam struggle.

I have noticed that a few nom de guerres of Black Tigers [especially the fifth in the chronological order of martyrdom, Lieut.Col.Borg] have been deliberately debased in the chauvinist Sinhala websites as Lieut.Col.Pork. He is from Omanthai town. His birth name was Mapanapillai Arasaratnam. One can wonder whether, from his choice of nom de guerre Borg [after Swedish tennis great Bjorn Borg], he had a liking to tennis. Lieut.Col.Borg was the Tamil hero who blasted the then existing Mankulam army camp on November 23, 1990. The birth and martyrdom statistics and a few other demographic and numerical details provided in the memorial souvenir - hitherto unrevealed, and subjected to dubious speculations - clarified to me some of the mysteries about the Black Tigers of LTTE. I’ll present them in a sequel to this essay.

I had listened to the heart-throbbing Marching song of Black Tigers ‘Karum Puli Enroru Peyar Kondu’ in the CD. There have been many songs which extol the bravery of Black Tigers. But this particular song was written in the format that it was being sung by the Black Tigers. To be frank, even when I hum the short sixteen lines of that song, I get goose flesh. So, powerful and touching were the lyrics of this song. The lyricist’s choice use of hard palatal Tamil alphabets called vallinam (ka, sa, da, tha, pa and ra series) was elegantly enthralling.

When I saw the photos of nearly 240 brave men and women, I felt linked with them via this particular song, and grasp a little on how their legs would have moved towards their attack targets, with the triumphant tempo of that Marching song. For the benefit of Robert Pape, a political science professor at the University of Chicago, who had communicated to me an academic interest in studying the minds of these Black Tigers, I translated this particular Marching song into English. Both the Tamil original and the English translation are given below.

The Marching Song of Black Tigers [Tamil Original]

Karum Puli enroru peyar kondu –
Kadum pahai thakarkira vedi kondu
Perum padai ani inri pohinrom –
engal Uyiraale pahai venru saahinrom.

Engalin saavoru varalaaru –
athil Ezhuthiya verrigal pala nooru
Ingithu pol veeram verillai –
uyir Eethale arathukku mel ellai.

Thappamal kuri mothum ninaivoodu selvom –
Than maana chinam kondu ethiriyai kolvom
Em makkal vaazhvukkaai naam ingu saavom –
Iranthaalum thamil nenjil naam vaazhuvom.

Thalaivanin thaazh vaazhthi idi pola paaivom –
Thamil Eelam meedengu kodiyahi veezhvom
Nilaiyaha thai mannil puli kodi aadum –
Niraivaana puhazh senru ulagathai moodum.

I felt that the most touching, and most distinguishing lines were the fourth ones in each of the stanza: (1) engal Uyiraale pahai venru saahinrom. (2) uyir Eethale arathukku mel ellai. (3) Iranthaalum thamil nenjil naam vaazhuvom. (4) Niraivaana puhazh senru ulagathai moodum.

[English Translation of Black Tigers’ Marching Song]
With the name of Black Tigers – would’u see –
With a bomb which’d blast the strong enemy
We March without a battalion army-
We die by routing our adversary

Our deaths are of exceptional history –
In them are written hundreds of victories
There ain’t a thing like this bravery –
Life gift – the max limit in philanthropy

Marching with thoughts of not missing our aim –
With prideful anger –we kill the enemy
We die now – for our folks to enjoy their lives –
In Tamil hearts – even in death we still live.

Greeting the Leader’s feet –like thunder we blast –
Sagging like a flag - for Tamil Eelam to stand
Tiger flag will sway strong in the Motherland –
Glory will engulf the global bands.

As the translator, I add that my English translation of this Marching song of Black Tigers, is a poor substitute to the Tamil original. Nevertheless, I propose that on July 5, Tamils can pay respect to the 240 listed Tamil Black Tiger martyrs identified in the memorial souvenir [and also quite a number who are yet to be openly identified in this honor roll] by humming the Marching song for a moment or two.

The souvenir book also records that among the 240 martyrs identified, 26 [17 men and 9 women] Black Tigers had died in accidents during training and set up, ahead of their day of action. The number of accidental deaths among the Tamil Black Tiger martyrs for the years 1997, 1999, 2000 and 2001 were 9, 9, 3 and 5 respectively.

One old saw notes, ‘We can wake up a sleeping person, but not one who is pretending to sleep’. I think that in the now fashionable field of ‘terrorism studies’, quite a number – Bruce Hoffmans, Rajan Hooles, B.Ramans, Rohan Gunaratnas and Yoram Schweitzers - belong to the pretender category. On the contrary, there are also academics who belong to the sleeping category. To increase the awareness of the latter category, I present the available basic information on the 240 Tamil Tigers who are celebrated as heroes for their altruistic deeds for Tamil nationalism.


The List of 240 Eelam Tamil Black Tiger Martyrs

[in chronological sequence of martyrdom, July 1987- November 2001;
Source: Sooriya Puthalvargal 2003-LTTE’s Memorial Souvenir (2003), pp.20-49]
Nom de guerre [Birth name] /Native Place Date of Birth ➔Date of Martyrdom
Note: Women tiger martyrs [from 1994 onwards] are identified with an asterisk following the birth name.

01. Capt.Miller [Vallipuram Vasanthan] /Karaveddi 01 January 1966 ➔ 05 July 1987
1990
02. Maj.Kantharupan [Yogarajah Koneswaran]/Valvettithurai 09 October 1971 ➔ 10 July 1990
03. Capt.Vinoth [Velupillai Thilagarajah]/Valvettithurai 19 August 1970 ➔ 10 July 1990
04. Capt.Collins [Fernando Sylvester] /Mannar 05 December 1969 ➔ 10 July 1990
05. Lt.Col.Borg [Mapanapillai Arasaratnam]/Omanthai 11 November 1959 ➔ 23 November 1990
1991
06. Major Dambo [Kasipillai Thayaparan]/Mannar 17 August 1967 ➔ 19 March 1991
07. Capt.Jeyanthan [Sampukutty Pathmanathan]/ Batticaloa ???? ➔ 04 May 1991
08. Capt.Sithamparam [Periyathamby Chandran]/Valvettithurai 20 December 1972 ➔ 04 May 1991
1993
09. Major Nilavan/Varathan [Kanthasamy Ramachandran]/Batticaloa19 July 1974 ➔ 26 August 1993
10. Capt.Mathan [Seenivasagam Sivakumar]/Batticaloa 07 September 1975 ➔ 26 August 1993
11. Major Puhalarasan/Puvindran [Subramaniam Nagatheepan]/Ariyalai 15 November 1975 ➔ 29 August 1993
12. Capt.Maniarasan [Vethanayagam Rajaruban]/ Kudathanai 22 October 1973 ➔ 29 August 1993
13. Major Ganesh [Naganathi Sivanesan]/Puttur West 26 January 1973 ➔ 11 November 1993
14. Major Kalaialagan [Ponniah Perinbarajah]/Batticaloa 22 November 1969 ➔ 11 November 1993
15. Capt.Mathinilavan [Kanapathipillai Thavarajah]/Trincomalee 09 September 1975 ➔ 11 November 1993
16. Major Thondaman [Kannappar Nallathambi]/Batticaloa 21 December 1971 ➔ 11 November 1993
17. Lieut.Kannan [Navaratnam Nesakulenthiran]/Thalaiyadi 24 June 1974 ➔ 11 November 1993
18. Capt.Karikalan [Ratnasingham Arulanantham]/Thampalakamam 24 November 1973 ➔ 11 November 1993
19. Capt.Sivalogan [Sinnathamby Arulanantham]/Kokkadicholai 05 June 1973 ➔ 11 November 1993
20. Capt.Seeralan [Gnanapragasam Angel]/Murungan 01 July 1975 ➔ 11 November 1993
21. Capt.Senthamil Nambi [Sellathurai Jegan]/Kopay ?? ➔ 11 November 1993
22. Capt.Aiyanar [Selvanayagam Rajasekaram]/Vaddukoddai 26 December 1972 ➔ 11 November 1993
23. Lieut.Nallathamby [Thangarajah Kokulanathan]/Kokkadicholai ?? ➔ 11 November 1993
24. Lieut.Jeevaranjan [Krishnapillai Murugupillai]/Batticaloa 26 December 1972 ➔ 11 November 1993
25. Lieut.Veeramani [Deivendram Suthakar]/Vaddukoddai 09 August 1976 ➔ 11 November 1993
26. Lieut.Sengannan [Thanushkodi Senthurapandian]/Sivakasi-India 25 January 1975 ➔ 11 November 1993
1994
27. Major Thilagan [Subbiah Raj]/Batticaloa 20 June 1975 ➔ 02 August 1994
28. Major Jeyam [Kunanayagam Thevarajah]/Mutur 05 March 1976 ➔ 02 August 1994
29. Capt.Thiru [Konamalai Mukunthan]/Amparai 21 April 1974 ➔ 02 August 1994
30. Capt.Navaratnam [Sirankot Leppert Anthonydas]/Vavuniya 22 September 1977 ➔ 02 August 1994
31. Lieut.Rangan [Kunamalai Rasikumar]/Kilinochchi 09 February 1976 ➔ 02 August 1994
32. Capt.Angaiyarkanni [Pushpakala Thuraisingham]*/Velanai 10 May 1973 ➔ 10 August 1994
33. Lieut.Col.Nalayini [Pathmavathy Arumugam]*/Valvettithurai 07 January 1972 ➔ 19 September 1994
34. Major Mangai [Puvanesvary Kanapathipillai]*/Mulliyan-Jaffna 16 December 1965 ➔ 19 September 1994
35. Capt.Vaman/Thuyamani [Kandasamy Ravinayagam]/Batticaloa 22 August 1974 ➔ 19 September 1994
36. Capt.Lakshman [Kugathasan Pranavan]/Jaffna 05 July 1974 ➔ 19 September 1994
37. Major Nithi [Santhanam Yogeswaran]/Nagarkoil 05 October 1971 ➔ 08 November 1994
38. Major Kumanan/Gopi [Subramaniam Selvalingam]/Mannar 06 June 1973 ➔ 12 November 1994
1995
39. Major Mathusa [Rajalakshmi Murugesu]*/Tiriyai-Trincomalee 25 May 1975 ➔ 19 April 1995
40. Major Kathiravan [Govindan Sivarajah]/Paranthan 26 July 1973 ➔ 19 April 1995
41. Major Thanigaimaran [Anton Benedict]/Kaddaikadu-Jaffna 28 June 1970 ➔ 19 April 1995
42. Captain Shantha [Vijayathevi Sivasubramaniam]*/Punguduthivu 25 August 1975 ➔ 19 April 1995
43. Major Thangan [Veeraiah Mailvaganam]/Badulla 01 January 1975 ➔ 16 July 1995
44. Major Senthalan [Francis Douglas]/Gurunagar 17 November 1974 ➔ 16 July 1995
45. Captain Thamilini [Kanimozhi Sivapragasam]*/Valvettithurai 30 December 1974 ➔ 16 July 1995
46. Major Kannalan [Vinayagam Elaiyathambi]/Valaichenai 03 May 1973 ➔ 03 September 1995
47. Major Nagulan/Thoman [Kandiah Krishnadas]/Gurunagar 31 July 1973 ➔ 03 September 1995
48. Captain Aruljothi [Shyamala Muthulingam]*/Chundikuli 11 May 1976 ➔ 10 September 1995
49. Major Kirthi [Vallipuram Naguleswaran]/Palai 04 September 1975 ➔ 20 September 1995
50. Captain Siva [Krishnapillai Mohanadas]/Mandaithivu 01 January 1976 ➔ 20 September 1995
51. Major Anbu/Anthaman [Ramasamy Rajbhavan]/Alvai west 22 January 1975 ➔ 20 September 1995
52. Captain Sevvanam [Sumathi Krishnapillai]*/Chulipuram 22 January 1974 ➔ 20 September 1995
53. Major Arumai [Sellathurai Vijayananthan]/Kilinochchi 23 December 1972 ➔ 02 October 1995
54. Captain Thanigai [Vathana Kanapathipillai]*/Jaffna 13 July 1976 ➔ 02 October 1995
55. Major Sivasunthar [Chitravel Ramachandran]/Uppuveli 12 December 1974 ➔ 17 October 1995
56. Captain Ruban [Subramaniam Sutharsan]/Chengaladi-Batticaloa 09 July 1973 ➔ 17 October 1995
57. Captain Sivagami [Rajakumari Shanmugalingam]*/Nagarkoil 01 January 1975 ➔ 17 October 1995
58. Captain Siraivasan/Dilip [Narayanapillai Vigneswaran]/Kokkuvil 19 September 1974 ➔ 29 October 1995
59. Captain Agathi [Ramanathan Nadarajah]/Kalmunai 25 October 1970 ➔ 29 October 1995
60. Captain Jeevan/Thinakaran [Kanapathipillai Ramaneswaran]/Batticaloa 01 January 1971 ➔ 29 October 1995
61. Captain Eelavan [Thiruchelvam Robertson]/Manipay 23 July 1973 ➔ 29 October 1995
62. Venuthas [Kanthapodi Tharuman]/Kokkadicholai 22 January 1973 ➔ 29 October 1995
63. Lieut.Nalinan/Govindan [Tisanayagam Udayadasan]/Thambiluvil 27 November 1976 ➔ 29 October 1995
64. Lieut.Kalaichelvan [Arumugam Chandrakumar]/Avisawela 13 August 1974 ➔ 29 October 1995
65. Lieut.Thondan [Rajaratnam Krishnaraj]/Chavakachcheri 16 April 1976 ➔ 29 October 1995
66. Lieut.Thangathurai/Ragulan [Seevaratnam Kantharupan]/Vasavilan 02 August 1976 ➔ 29 October 1995
67. Lieut.Sasikumar [Selvarajah Robinson]/Eluthumadduval 05 June 1977 ➔ 29 October 1995
68. 2nd Lieut.Isaichelvan [Nagarajah Shanmugasilan]/Pandatharippu 01 January 1978 ➔ 29 October 1995
69. Major Dineshkumar/Rangan [Justin Jude Nevil]/Valaichenai 03 September 1973 ➔ 05 December 1995
1996
70. Lieut.Col.Mathan/Sothithambi [Yogachandran Rathiskumar] Valvettithurai 12 May 1978 ➔ 13 February 1996
71. Major Venkai [Soosaipillai Selvakumar]/Valvettithurai 29 December 1967 ➔ 13 February 1996
72. Major Jeganathan [Sangarapillai Thavarajah]/Poonagari 08 October 1972 ➔ 30 March 1996
73. Captain Ilaiyaval [Rajamalar Rajalingam]*/Kannakipuram 31 October 1974 ➔ 30 March 1996
74. Major Poyyamozhi [Viswasam Daniel]/Kumpurupitty 23 May 1971 ➔ 12 April 1996
75. Lieut.Col.Prathapan/Rathees [Arumaichandran Senthilkumar]/Valvettithurai 01 August 1974 ➔ 12 April 1996
76. Major Janarthanan/Veenaikodiyon [Sittampalam Krishnadas]/Kankesanthurai 21 December 1971 ➔12 April 1996
77. Major Thennamuthan/Paran [Nagendran Thangarajah]/Point Pedro 25 September 1975 ➔ 12 April 1996
78. Major Valanadan/Pavas [Thiruchelvam Claimant]/Alvai west 28 August 1975 ➔ 12 April 1996
79. Major Rathan [Velupillai Surenrajan]/Chelvanayakapuram-Trincomalee 23 December 1972 ➔ 12 April 1996
80. Captain Subas [Marimuthu Vasanthakumar]/Thampalakamam 28 January 1974 ➔ 12 April 1996
81. Captain Mathani [Theivananthini Kanapathipillai]*/Vettilaikeni 20 November 1976 ➔ 12 April 1996
82. Captain Vikki [Sumathi Rasaratnam]*/Thalaiyadi 14 April 1975 ➔ 12 April 1996
83. Major Jeevaranjan/Ilango [Ponniah Thamilselvan]/Omanthai 21 March 1974 ➔ 11 June 1996
84. Major Kannapiran/Abdulla [Samithambi Pulendran]/Amparai 01 January 1974 ➔ 19 July 1996
85. Major Sellapillai [Ramalingam Selvarajah]/Vankalai 08 August 1973 ➔ 19 July 1996
86. Major Parthipan/Vethamani [Ulaganathan Ramesh]/Point Pedro 22 July 1977 ➔ 19 July 1996
87. Major Pathuman [Ananthamayil Balamurali]/Nagarkoil north 18 June 1976 ➔ 19 July 1996
88. Major Sudaroli [Ratnamalar Sebamalai]*/Mathahal 20 November 1972 ➔ 19 July 1996
89. Major Mithubalan [Vetharanyam Jeyakanthan]/Jaffna 23 May 1975 ➔ 21 July 1996
90. Captain Sayanthan [Thambipillai Rasaratnam]/Akkaraipatru 23 April 1972 ➔ 21 July 1996
91. Major Nalinan [Theivendran Yogeswaran]/Mutur 12 December 1975 ➔ 25 October 1996
92. Captain Jeyaraj/Periyathambi [Kanthasamy Gopalakrishnan]/Karainagar 02 April 1975 ➔ 25 October 1996
93. Major Bharathi [Kamalarani Veeragathy]*/Nagarkoil 30 September 1972 ➔ 11 November 1996
94. Captain Innisai [Sumathi Rasathurai]*/Vetrilaikeni 19 October 1977 ➔ 11 November 1996
95. Captain Malika [Selvarani Arumugam]*/Alvai north 05 November 1974 ➔ 08 December 1996
1997
96. Major Sittampalam Kumar [Rajendram Sathayakumar]/Suthumalai 23 July 1974 ➔ 06 March 1997
97. Captain Niventhan [Subramaniam Subeswaran]/Battiacaloa 19 September 1978 ➔ 06 March 1997
98. Captain Vijaruban [Kanthasamy Sivagunam]/Batticaloa 13 February 1975 ➔ 06 March 1997
99. Major Thamilmaran [Rasiah Mathiyalagan]/Jaffna 08 May 1976 ➔ 24 March 1997
100. Major Mathees/Naavannan [Kanthiah Murugaiah]/Kilinochchi 15 October 1972 ➔ 24 March 1997
101. Captain Kalaivalli [Saseenthira Arumugam]*/Arali east 29 June 1976 ➔ 24 March 1997
102. Captain Vaanathi [Kalaivani Rasiah]*/Kilinochchi 28 April 1977 ➔ 24 March 1997
103. Major Anbu [Muthuvel Ravichandran]/Murunkan 06 October 1973 ➔ 27 May 1997
104. Major Ilamahan [Tharmalingam Thirukanesan]/Batticaloa 12 March 1973 ➔ 27 May 1997
105. Major Valampuri [Pushpavathi Kailasapillai]*/Anuradhapuram 18 January 1977 ➔ 27 May 1997
106. Major Vinotha [Vijayakumari Thevasigamani]*/Valvettithurai 09 November 1976 ➔ 27 May 1997
107. Major Chandra [Maria Corotty Thamby Sebastian]*/Gurunagar 19 December 1975 ➔ 27 May 1997
108. Captain Suthahar [Kanagasabai Arul]/Batticaloa 26 April 1976 ➔ 27 May 1997
109. Captain Arularasan [Thangarajah Thiyagarajah]/Batticaloa 27 March 1977 ➔ 27 May 1997
110. Captain Sitha [Balasingam Sitruban]/Chulipuram 10 November 1969 ➔ 27 May 1997
111. Major Nithan/Parvathan [Manikkam Arulrajah]/Kokkadicholai 26 January 1970 ➔ 10 June 1997
112. Major Yalini [Ragini Sivasubramaniam]*/Urumpirai 05 February 1971 ➔ 10 June 1997
113. Captain Sathuriyan [Nadarajah Arasaratnam]/Batticaloa 01 January 1977 ➔ 10 June 1997
114. Captain Balan [Somasundaram Thileepan]/Amparai 03 September 1974 ➔ 28 June 1997
115. Major Sri/Thirumaran [Kanesapillai Ravichandran]/Jaffna 05 September 1970 ➔ 18 October 1997
116. Captain Sinnavan [Nandagopal Suresh]/Kokkuvil 25 June 1976 ➔ 18 October 1997
1998
117. Lieut.Col.Subesan/Killivalavan [Marusalim Alvin]/Murunkan 02 July 1971 ➔ 01 February 1998
118. Major Kumuthan [Mailvaganam Inbarajan]/Manipay 30 October 1972 ➔ 01 February 1998
119. Major Aasa [Sivayamuna Velupillai]*/Jaffna 11 November 1976 ➔ 01 February 1998
120. Major Mangai [Nesamalar Ratnasingam]*/Kilinochchi 28 March 1974 ➔ 01 February 1998
121. Major Jeyarani [Shanthi Nadarajah]*/Jaffna 18 December 1973 ➔ 01 February 1998
122. Captain Kumanan [Jeganathan Ravichandran]/Mannar 19 September 1978 ➔ 01 February 1998
123. Captain Nediyon [Kulendran Gnanasankar]/Tellipalai 04 August 1975 ➔ 01 February 1998
124. Captain Arul [Ambikapathi Arulsothi]/Jaffna 18 November 1978 ➔ 01 February 1998
125. Captain Inthu [Punitha Kandiah]*/Akkaraipatru 04 December 1978 ➔ 01 February 1998
126. Captain Senkathir [Jeyanthira Jeyaratnam]*/Vasavilan ?? ➔ 01 February 1998
127. Captain Nalayini [Kokila Palani]*/Nedunkeni 12 October 1979 ➔ 01 February 1998
128. Captain Nala [Perumal Kalainithi]/Kollankaladdy 26 July 1978 ➔ 01 February 1998
129. Captain Umaiyal [Pushparani Sellathurai]*/Eluthumadduval ?? ➔ 01 February 1998
130. Lieut.Col.Karan [Balasundaram Gopalakrishnan]/Polonnaruwa 07 May 1972 ➔ 22 February 1998
131. Major Thamiliniyan [Nadarajah Kirubakaran]/Jaffna 24 November 1974 ➔ 22 February 1998
132. Major Sulasan [Nadarajah Kirubakaran]/Mutur 05 July 1974 ➔ 22 February 1998
133. Major Kumaresan [Thurairajah Selvakumar]/Vavuniya 05 February 1975 ➔ 22 February 1998
134. Major Valluvan [Selvarajah Thavarajah]/Kankesanthurai 14 January 1976 ➔ 22 February 1998
135. Major Thamilmangai [Sathiyavani Thurairajah]*/Poonagari 03 August 1973 ➔ 22 February 1998
136. Major Morris/Thamilinpan [Tharmabalasingam Thayaparan]/Karainagar 19 June 1976 ➔ 22 February 1998
137. Captain Janarthani [Suhanthi Kailayanathan]*/Mullaitivu 01 December 1977 ➔ 22 February 1998
138. Captain Nangai [Kausala Patturajah]*/Koddadi 28 May 1977 ➔ 22 February 1998
139. Captain Vanitha [Pushparani Kandiah]*/Nedunkeni 30 August 1977 ➔ 22 February 1998
140. Captain Mehala [Thamayanthi Thavarajah]*/Valvettithurai 08 February 1971 ➔ 22 February 1998
141. Captain Isaiyalan [Sutharaj Raviraj]/Kilinochchi 07 September 1978 ➔ 11 March 1998
142. Captain Gopi [Sebastian Augustine]/Nuwara Eliya 07 January 1978 ➔ 11 March 1998
143. Captain Eelavan/Eelaventhan [Arumugam Veerasingam]/Jaffna 15 March 1978 ➔ 18 April 1998
144. Captain Poongulali [Sinnamalar Saminathan]*/Nedunthivu 08 August 1976 ➔ 18 April 1998
145. Major Nilavan [Sooriyakumar Thileepan]/Kopay north 20 November 1976 ➔ 14 October 1998
1999
146. Major Navaniban/Isaiyalan [Mariyanayagam Jeyasilan]/Eluthumadduval 07 April 1978 ➔10 March 1999
147. Captain Tholan/Thiruchelvan [Subramaniam Rajkumar]/Mullaitivu 30 November 1979 ➔ 10 March 1999
148. Captain Veeramani [Kanapathipillai Kathirgamanathan]/Kantharmadam 08 August 1974 ➔ 12 April 1999
149. Major Arasappan [Mailvaganam Arulchelvan]/Batticaloa 06 November 1978 ➔ 29 May 1999
150. Major Ratnatharan [Kumarasamy Anantha]/Kaluvanchikudi 05 April 1975 ➔ 09 August 1999
151. Lieut.Col.Neethiappan [Veerabahu Sivaneswaran]/Trincomalee 15 October 1977 ➔ 15 August 1999
152. Major Ezhilventhan/Anthaman [Vadivel Senthilkumar]/Batticaloa 17 July 1978 ➔ 15 August 1999
153. Major Ravi/Viduthalai [Kandiah Selvam]/Jaffna 21 April 1971 ➔ 26 September 1999
154. Major Umesan/Cheliyan [Thangavel Ananthakumar]/Vavuniya 10 March 1977 ➔ 26 September 1999
155. Major Nathaveni [Anusha Nagendram]*/Mayiliddi 21 December 1978 ➔ 26 September 1999
156. Lieut.Col.Arunthavam [Krishnapillai Uthayakumar]/Batticaloa 09 November 1974 ➔ 14 October 1999
157. Lieut.Col.Palaniappan/Puvanendran [Rangiah Yogendran]/Vavuniya 10 August 1971 ➔ 14 October 1999
158. Major Parani/Gopi [Suriyayogananthan Amarnath]/Mayiliddy 14 November 1971 ➔ 14 October 1999
159. Major Kalaimagal [Kalaimathi Ariyakutti]*/Atchuvely south 21 July 1972 ➔ 14 October 1999
160. Major Suriyaprabha [Jansirani Alphonse Rajah]*/Ilavalai 01 June 1972 ➔ 14 October 1999
161. Captain Suthaharan/Sutha [Rasanayagam Prasanna]/Nallur 28 November 1980 ➔ 14 October 1999
162. Major Muthumani [Sivakaveri Kumarasamy]*/Jaffna 10 June 1975 ➔ 04 November 1999
163. Major Arulan [Nanthagopal Dhusyanthan]/Anaikottai 06 October 1977 ➔ 05 November 1999
164. Major Sasi [Suhanthini Rasaratnam]*/Sanganai west 08 April 1978 ➔ 05 November 1999
165. Major Senkathirvanan [Nadarajah Rameswaran]/Trincomalee 23 December 1972 ➔ 29 November 1999
166. Lieut.Col.Sivaruban/Karvannan [Sivanesan Sivapackiyanathan]/Mirisuvil 07 April 1975 ➔ 08 December 1999
167. Major Rangan/Yalventhan [Kathiravel Jeyaram]/Karainagar 19 June 1971 ➔ 08 December 1999
168. Major Isaikon [Sivasamy Suhanthan]/Point Pedro 08 May 1978 ➔ 08 December 1999
169. Captain Kaanavan [Sivagnanam Sivakumar]/Mullaitivu 25 March 1977 ➔ 08 December 1999
170. Major Cheliyan [Mahendrarajah Balamurali]/Valvettithurai 30 July 1974 ➔ 11 December 1999
171. Major Athithan [Palaniyandi Suthaharan]/Puthukudiyiruppu 26 November 1979 ➔ 25 December 1999
172. Major Nanthan [Dharmarajah Dayaparan]/Paranthan 19 August 1978 ➔ 25 December 1999
173. Major Meena [Menaka Nadarajah]*/Varani 23 December 1978 ➔ 25 December 1999
174. Captain Nagarani [Rohini Arumainayagam]*/Kokkuvil 19 May 1977 ➔ 25 December 1999
175. Captain Arivarasan/Arivu [Muthulingam Janakan]/Velanai west 07 September 1978 ➔ 30 December 1999
2000
176. Major Ruban [Seenivasan Sivananthan]/Kiran 07 February 1977 ➔ 01 February 2000
177. Major Bharathan [Sathasivam Chandrakumar]/Amparai 27 July 1974 ➔ 12 March 2000
178. Major Mathan [Sithamparanathan Sivajinathan]/Mutur 29 January 1979 ➔ 12 March 2000
179. Captain Dinesh [Vairavanathan Gajananan]/Kankesanthurai 23 May 1977 ➔ 12 March 2000
180. Captain Major Thanusan [Thangarajah Lankeswaran]/Mutur 25 November 1974 ➔ 26 March 2000
181. Major Suthajini [Jeyasuki Theivendrapillai]*/Varani 03 February 1976 ➔ 26 March 2000
182. Major Malarvizhi [Sangeetha Balakrishnan]*/Vannarpannai 24 October 1975 ➔ 31 March 2000
183. Major Andhra/Nayagam [Muhunthini Vinayagamurthy]*/Thalaiyadi 03 March 1977 ➔ 31 March 2000
184. Major Sathya/Sasi [Muhunthini Krishnamurthy]*/Nelliady 06 December 1978 ➔ 31 March 2000
185. Major Arivukumaran [Kumaravel Ketheesan]/Vavuniya 15 February 1973 ➔ 11 April 2000
186. Major Maraichelvan [Selvarajah Rajanikanthan]/Vavuniya 03 May 1981 ➔ 10 May 2000
187. Major Reegajivan [Sivarajah Kalaikumar]/Karaithivu-Batticaloa 29 September 1978 ➔ 20 May 2000
188. Major Kumazhavan [Sivapragasam Lusakaran]/Batticaloa 12 September 1980 ➔ 22 May 2000
189. Major Satha [Kanagambikai Manikkam]*/Mallavi 14 May 1976 ➔ 25 May 2000
190. Lieut.Col.Gnaneswaran/Gnanakumar [Alagapodi Vinayagamurthy]/Batticaloa 30 December 1976 ➔ 26 June 2000
191. Major Sooran [Rajadurai Ravindran]/Poonagari 31 August 1974 ➔ 26 June 2000
192. Major Nallappan [Velupiilai Rajan]/Kalviyankadu 06 May 1971 ➔ 26 June 2000
193. Major Santhana [Kavitha Kunasingam]*/Mayiliddi 14 February 1973 ➔ 26 June 2000
194. Captain Ilamathi [Jeyachitra Kanaganayagampillai]*/Velanai west 18 September 1975 ➔ 26 June 2000
195. Captain Bhamini [Vijayalakshmy Pararajasingam]*/Karainagar 13 February 1975 ➔ 26 June 2000
196. Captain Jeyanjali [Indradevi Ramaiah]*/Thalaiyadi 13 January 1979 ➔ 03 July 2000
197. Major Srivani [Shanthi Sinnathambi]*/Batticaloa 23 November 1975 ➔ 05 July 2000
198. Major Thisaiyarasi [Sellam Sellasami]*/Thalaiyadi 17 March 1972 ➔ 15 August 2000
199. Captain Thamilkumaran [Sinnakuddi Sathisvaratharajah]/Puttur east 05 January 1978 ➔ 10 September 2000
200. Lieut.Col.Reji/Ilango [Manikkam Ramesh]/Amparai 14 June 1973 ➔ 23 October 2000
201. Major Rosman/Ganesh [Thevarajah Ravindrarajah]/Trincomalee 01 April 1972 ➔ 23 October 2000
202. Major Nithi/Cholavengai [Rasiah Jegan]/Vavuniya 25 June 1977 ➔ 23 October 2000
203. Major Mayuran [Kandasamy Prakash]/Chunnakam 07 July 1978 ➔ 23 October 2000
204. Major Thirumaran [Jeyam Sinatharan]/Puttur 25 March 1980 ➔ 23 October 2000
205. Major Nitharsan [Thiyagarajah Thiyagendran]/Mullaitivu 09 August 1978 ➔ 23 October 2000
206. Major Varman [Vadivel Thangathurai]/Kaluvanchikudi 25 December 1977 ➔ 24 October 2000
207. Major Sobithan [Thuraisamy Jeevakanapathy]/Vavuniya 27 November 1973 ➔ 24 October 2000
208. Captain Chandrababu [Kumarapodi Lingarajah]/Kokkadicholai 01 January 1980 ➔ 24 October 2000
209. Lieut.Col.Irumporai/Salman [Sivalingam Sivaayngaran]/Poonakari 19 March 1971 ➔ 01 November 2000
210. Major Sathasivam [Pillaiyan Thiruchelvam]/Batticaloa 08 August 1978 ➔ 02 November 2000
211. Lieut.Col.Kathirgamaruban [Kanagananthan Ananthakrishnan]/Point Pedro 25 January 1976 ➔ 02 November 2000
212. Major Ilakiyan [Sivagami Karikaran]/Mullaitivu 12 April 1980 ➔ 02 November 2000
213. Major Kumaravel [Subramaniam Sutharsan]/Kantharmadam 25 January 1978 ➔ 02 November 2000
214. Captain Vallavan [Navaneethan Pathmalathan]/Kaithadi 13 February 1980 ➔ 02 November 2000
215. Lieut.Col.Naresh [Murugesu Premakumar]/Point Pedro 14 January 1974 ➔ 03 November 2000
216. Major Sudarmani/Senkathir [Sivarajah Sritharan]/Palai 21 June 1977 ➔ 03 November 2000
2001
217. Captain Kasturi/Poongathir [Bhavani Nallanathan]*/Nedunkeni 30 March 1980 ➔ 21 February 2001
218. Captain Viduthalai [Indirani Kandiah]*/Thalaiyadi 11 April 1975 ➔ 21 February 2001
219. Lieut.Col.Anon/Arulchelvan [Sithamparapillai Sivakumar]/Nedunkeni 28 December 1971 ➔ 16 March 2001
220. Major Kanthi [Jerin Sodadeyu]*/Mannar 26 September 1975 ➔ 16 March 2001
221. Major Aruna/Sutha [Thavachelvi Kulasingam]*/Chavakachcheri 03 June 1969 ➔ 16 March 2001
222. Major Nithya [Dayalini Selvarajah]*/Point Pedro 13 July 1977 ➔ 16 March 2001
223. Major Kanthan [Mahadevan Suthakaran]/Manal Aru 21 May 1976 ➔ 29 March 2001
224. Captain Vahaisoodi [Mariyanayagam Dilip Stephen]/Ilavalai 12 October 1976 ➔ 29 March 2001
225. Captain Rahulan [Herath Banda Krishnakumar]/Paranthan 28 March 1984 ➔ 04 August 2001
226. Captain Karikalan [Poologasingam Pushpakanthan]/Mulliyavalai 01 September 1980 ➔ 04 August 2001
227. Major Kumaravel/Mathi [Krishnapillai Sivakumar]/Jaffna 08 September 1972 ➔ 01 September 2001
228. Major Osai/Iniyavan [Ratnam Rajkumar]/Ariyalai 07 May 1981 ➔ 15 September 2001
229. Captain Thamiliniyan/Poraiarasan [Selvaratnam Yogeswaran]/Kudathanai east 26 April 1982 ➔15 September 2001
230. Major Sivakaran/Nallamuthu [Karthigesu Senthilkumar]/Columbuthurai 17 July 1975 ➔ 23 September 2001
231. Captain Pulimagal [Yasotha Muthulingam]*/Udaiyarkaddu 13 April 1982 ➔ 23 September 2001
232. Captain Anbukiniyan [Namasivayam Sivaruban]/Point Pedro 25 September 1978 ➔ 15 October 2001
233. Major Rosa [Karpukarasi Ganesan]*/Karainagar 06 October 1980 ➔ 21 October 2001
234. Captain Ilamkuyilan [Noel Imanuel Patrick Edban]/Mannar 02 October 1979 ➔ 21 October 2001
235. Lieut.Col.Amuthasurabi [Nanthini Sinnappu]*/Chempiyanpatru south 23 July 1972 ➔ 26 October 2001
236. Major Kadalarasan/Samuthiran [Thampipillai Navam]/Batticaloa 15 August 1974 ➔ 30 October 2001
237. Captain Kasthuri [Suthasini Thangarajah]*/Chulipuram 28 May 1981 ➔ 30 October 2001
238. Captain Kanianban [Mailvaganam Srikanth]/Jaffna 02 February 1981 ➔ 30 October 2001
239. Captain Anbumalar/Kesavi [Anbalagi Ponrajah]*/Jaffna 21 July 1976 ➔ 30 October 2001
240. Major Valavan [Murugesu Uthayakumar]/Manipay west 20 February 1982 ➔ 09 November 2001

 

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