INDICTMENT AGAINST SRI LANKA
AMNESTY LAUNCHES SRI LANKA CAMPAIGN
- 19 SEPTEMBER TO 31 DECEMBER 1990
Amnesty launched an international campaign against Sri Lanka on 19 September 1990. The
campaign continued till end December. The aims of the campaign were
1. To publicise the poor human rights record of Sri Lanka
2. To put pressure on the Sri Lankan authorities to make a full and genuine commitment
to human rights
3. To put pressure on the Indian authorities to make a full investigation of the
human rights violations committed by members of the Indian Peace
Keeping Forces and to bring those responsible to justice.
In the United Kingdom, the objectives of the campaign were extended to include the
concerns that the British Section of Amnesty had over the treatment of
Tamil refugees by the UK government.
The Amnesty International Sri Lanka Briefing published in September 1990 declared:
"Gross and widespread human rights violations in Sri Lanka have persisted for more
than seven years against a background of armed opposition to the government.
"Disappearances" and extra judicial executions in particular have been reported
with increased frequency since
mid-1983. For four years
these abuses were concentrated in the northeast of the island, where since the late 1970s
Tamil militants have been engaged in an
to establish a
"In the face of armed opposition from Tamil secessionists in the late 1970s, the
Sri Lanka Government gave extraordinary powers to the security forces. Grave human rights
violations have resulted and the Sri Lanka security forces increasingly appear to believe
they can commit abuses with impunity...
"In the northeast, the
Indian Peace Keeping
Force (IPKF) - which was deployed in Sri Lanka in July 1987 and had completed a phased
withdrawal by the end of March 1990 - was reported to have committed extra judicial
executions and to have been responsible for "disappearances". There were also
numerous allegations of torture of prisoners by members of the IPKF...."
Lanka Briefing - ISBN 0 86210 185 9, AI Index 37/20/90)