South African Freedom Charter
Adopted at the Congress of the People, Kliptown
26 June 1955
We, the People of South Africa, declare for all our country
and the world to know:
that South Africa belongs to all who live in it, black
and white, and that no government can justly claim authority unless it
is based on the will of all the people;
that our people have been robbed of their birthright to land, liberty
and peace by a form of government founded on injustice and inequality;
that our country will never be prosperous or free until all our people
live in brotherhood, enjoying equal rights and opportunities;
that only a democratic state, based on the will of all the people, can
secure to all their birthright without distinction of colour, race, sex
And therefore, we, the people of South Africa, black and
white together equals, countrymen and brothers adopt this Freedom Charter;
And we pledge ourselves to strive together, sparing neither strength nor
courage, until the democratic changes here set out have been won.
The People Shall Govern!
Every man and woman shall have the right to vote for and to
stand as a candidate for all bodies which make laws;
All people shall be entitled to take part in the administration of the
The rights of the people shall be the same, regardless of race, colour or
All bodies of minority rule, advisory boards, councils and authorities shall
be replaced by democratic organs of self-government .
All National Groups Shall have Equal Rights!
There shall be equal status in the bodies of state, in the
courts and in the schools for all national groups and races;
All people shall have equal right to use their own languages, and to develop
their own folk culture and customs;
All national groups shall be protected by law against insults to their race
and national pride;
The preaching and practice of national, race or colour discrimination and
contempt shall be a punishable crime;
All apartheid laws and practices shall be set aside.
The People Shall Share in the Country's Wealth!
The national wealth of our country, the heritage of South
Africans, shall be restored to the people;
The mineral wealth beneath the soil, the Banks and monopoly industry shall
be transferred to the ownership of the people as a whole;
All other industry and trade shall be controlled to assist the wellbeing of
All people shall have equal rights to trade where they choose, to
manufacture and to enter all trades, crafts and professions.
The Land Shall be Shared Among Those Who Work It!
Restrictions of land ownership on a racial basis shall be
ended, and all the land re-divided amongst those who work it to banish
famine and land hunger;
The state shall help the peasants with implements, seed, tractors and dams
to save the soil and assist the tillers;
Freedom of movement shall be guaranteed to all who work on the land;
All shall have the right to occupy land wherever they choose;
People shall not be robbed of their cattle, and forced labour and farm
prisons shall be abolished.
All Shall be Equal Before the Law!
No-one shall be imprisoned, deported or restricted without a
fair trial; No-one shall be condemned by the order of any Government
The courts shall be representative of all the people;
Imprisonment shall be only for serious crimes against the people, and shall
aim at re-education, not vengeance;
The police force and army shall be open to all on an equal basis and shall
be the helpers and protectors of the people;
All laws which discriminate on grounds of race, colour or belief shall be
All Shall Enjoy Equal Human Rights!
The law shall guarantee to all their right to speak, to
organise, to meet together, to publish, to preach, to worship and to educate
The privacy of the house from police raids shall be protected by law;
All shall be free to travel without restriction from countryside to town,
from province to province, and from South Africa abroad;
Pass Laws, permits and all other laws restricting these freedoms shall be
There Shall be Work and Security!
All who work shall be free to form trade unions, to elect
their officers and to make wage agreements with their employers;
The state shall recognise the right and duty of all to work, and to draw
full unemployment benefits;
Men and women of all races shall receive equal pay for equal work;
There shall be a forty-hour working week, a national minimum wage, paid
annual leave, and sick leave for all workers, and maternity leave on full
pay for all working mothers;
Miners, domestic workers, farm workers and civil servants shall have the
same rights as all others who work;
Child labour, compound labour, the tot system and contract labour shall be
The Doors of Learning and Culture Shall be Opened!
The government shall discover, develop and encourage
national talent for the enhancement of our cultural life;
All the cultural treasures of mankind shall be open to all, by free exchange
of books, ideas and contact with other lands;
The aim of education shall be to teach the youth to love their people and
their culture, to honour human brotherhood, liberty and peace;
Education shall be free, compulsory, universal and equal for all children;
Higher education and technical training shall be opened to all by means of
state allowances and scholarships awarded on the basis of merit;
Adult illiteracy shall be ended by a mass state education plan;
Teachers shall have all the rights of other citizens;
The colour bar in cultural life, in sport and in education shall be
There Shall be Houses, Security and Comfort!
All people shall have the right to live where they choose,
be decently housed, and to bring up their families in comfort and security;
Unused housing space to be made available to the people;
Rent and prices shall be lowered, food plentiful and no-one shall go hungry;
A preventive health scheme shall be run by the state;
Free medical care and hospitalisation shall be provided for all, with
special care for mothers and young children;
Slums shall be demolished, and new suburbs built where all have transport,
roads, lighting, playing fields, creches and social centres;
The aged, the orphans, the disabled and the sick shall be cared for by the
Rest, leisure and recreation shall be the right of all:
Fenced locations and ghettoes shall be abolished, and laws which break up
families shall be repealed.
There Shall be Peace and Friendship!
South Africa shall be a fully independent state which
respects the rights and sovereignty of all nations;
South Africa shall strive to maintain world peace and the settlement of all
international disputes by negotiation - not war;
Peace and friendship amongst all our people shall be secured by upholding
the equal rights, opportunities and status of all;
The people of the protectorates Basutoland, Bechuanaland and Swaziland shall
be free to decide for themselves their own future;
The right of all peoples of Africa to independence and self-government shall
be recognised, and shall be the basis of close co-operation.
Let all people who love their people and their country now say, as we say
THESE FREEDOMS WE WILL FIGHT FOR, SIDE BY SIDE, THROUGHOUT OUR LIVES, UNTIL
WE HAVE WON OUR LIBERTY