Sangeetha Kalanidhi Papanasam Sivan
A four part video documentary on Sangeetha
Kalanidhi Papanasam Sivan (1890-1973) featuring Semmangudi
Srinivasa Iyer, MS Subbulakshmi was released in 2007. -
Part 3 -
Part 4 -
"Papanasam Sivan composed more than
2000 songs, mostly in Tamil. 800 of these were for Tamil
films. Etext of a set of 400 of his Carnatic music were
prepared in a
voluntary effort by K.Srinivasan (1.1 -1.49),
Lalitha and Siva Mani (1.50 - 1.101, & 4.1 -
4.101), and Vijaya Mallikarjunan (2.1 - 3.101).
They are rendered here in Unicode. The
compositions are also available
in PDF. The source of these
compositions are the four volumes of his compositions by Dr.Rukmini Ramani,
daughter of Sri Papanasam Sivan himself. The books also contain detailed
notation for singing. We recommend that you buy these books, to encourage such
publications. Copies can be obtained from the author.
Dr. Papanasam Rukmini Ramani,
B-5 Rohini Gardens,
Madras 600028, INDIA.
Sri Papanasam Sivan received several titles including "Tamil Tyagaraja".
Some of the films for which he composed songs are
Ambikapathy, Nandanaar, Sakuntalai (sung by
Savithri (sung by
M.S.Subbulakshmi), Sivakavi (sung by
Thyagaboomi (sung by D.K.Pattammal). The
Music Academy of Madras
was extremely late in recognizing him.
Papanasam Sivan was born in 1890 in Polagam near
Thanjaavoor to Sri Ramamritha Iyer and Yogambal. He was
called Ramaiah by people close to him. The Papanasam of
Sri Sivan is between Kumbakonam and Thanjavoor, with its
own railway station served by passenger trains. That is
where his brother stayed and he used to pass much of his
time there. From 1898 to 1910 he lived in
Thiruvanthapuram. In 1917 he married Lakshmi, daughter
of Sri Ayyaaswami Iyer of Nagapattinam. He also
translated many Malayalam and Sanskrit works into Tamil.
He passed away in 1973 at the age of 83. " based
on a note by Kumar Mallikarjunan.
The Life of Papanasam Sivan - Ashok Ramani
"...He started composing songs as early as in 1910 and he used to sing them
himself. While singing he always closed his eyes and he had expressed that he
was on such occasions in communion with god. It was in this decade that he came
to be acquainted with Koneirarajapuram Vaidyanathaier, a faithful exponent of
Carnatic music and acclaimed to be the greatest musician of the times...
As a composer “Sivan ranks with the great giants who followed the trinity in the
middle of the ninetheenth century”. He did not use any lexicon or dictionary for
choosing rhyming words. Almost all eminent vidwans of yester years, viz.
Ariyakuri Ramanuja Iyengar, Maharajapuram Vishwanatha Iyer, Chembai Vaidyanatha
Bhagavathar, Musiri Subramania Iyer, Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer and others have
sung numerous compositions of Sivan in their performances. Sivan’s compositions
cover a wide gamut of songs ranging from varnams, krithis, and operas to padhams
Sivan composed songs for films, for about 15 years from 1936, charging spiritual
fervor into them and this was responsible for phenomenal success of many film