தமிழ்த் தேசியம்

"To us all towns are one, all men our kin.
Life's good comes not from others' gift, nor ill
Man's pains and pains' relief are from within.
Thus have we seen in visions of the wise !."

- Tamil Poem in Purananuru, circa 500 B.C 

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Home  > Library  > Politics > The National Movement in Tamil Nadu, 1905-1914 -N.Rajendran

TAMIL NATION LIBRARY: Politics


Book Note from Introduction:

[see also Veerapandiya Kattabomman and the early challenges to British Rule]

"Despite the size, wealth, historical contribution and contemporary importance of Tamil Nadu, its colonial history remains relatively unexplored. There are few substantial works on Tamil Nadu's social, economic and political history in the British period. While some pioneering studies of Tamil Nadu have been contributed by scholars from abroad, few researchers have chosen to tread the path of the history of nationalist politics; consequently, large tracts of nationalist history in Tamil Nadu are yet to be written..... Our understanding of the evolution of nationalism in Tamil Nadu has been further complicated by the emergence there of social and political movements, at times overlapping, which questioned aspects of nationalist politics and goals. With the emergence of the Justice Party in the second decade of the twentieth century, polemics would enter the discussion of Tamil Nadu's nationalist traditions, and perhaps serve to obscure the past.

Whatever the reasons, historians have generally bypassed the history of the nationalist movement in Tamil Nadu during the crucial years 1905-1914. Yet it was this period which saw the emergence of such major political figures as G. Subramania Iyer, V.O. Chidambaram Pillai and Subramania Bharati. (Even today, Bharati continues to be a favourite for his captivating nationalistic writings and social radicalism.)...

...A basic premise of this study is that the nationalist movement in Tamil Nadu, a movement of richness and historical depth, merits as close attention as have nationalist movements in other parts of India. Its starting point is the late eighteenth century. Chapter 1 traces early manifestations of anti-colonial feeling in Tamil Nadu: the rebellions led by the poligars of Tirunelveli and Shivagana, and the sepoy revolt at Vellore in 1806. The factors behind the uprisings are analysed and their fallout discussed. Attention then turns to the nineteenth century social reform movement, which in Tamil Nadu, as elsewhere in India, preceded the establishment of provincial political associations. As will be seen, issues of social reform would generate tensions and divisions within the political associations as they took shape in the last decades of the nineteenth century...."

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