* indicates link to Amazon.com
** indicates link to Amazon.co.uk
Agulhon, Maurice. - Marianne into Battle: Republican Imagery and
Symbolism in France, 1789-1880. Translated by Lloyd, Janet.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981.
Alter, Nora M. and Lutz Koepnick (eds). - Sound Matters: Essays on
the Acoustics of Modern German Culture. New York and Oxford:
Berghahn Books, 2004.
Edward Arnold, 1989
"....The stability of post-colonial borders
(which have also been maintained because the new states insisted
the United Nations do so) says nothing at all, however, about
the success of nation building in the Third World. It is a
process not far advanced in most cases, and therefore unrest and
conflict continually come to the surface in these parts of the
world. Countries such as India, Sri Lanka, Nigeria, Sudan and
Cameroon are all products of colonialism; they are conglomerates
of numerous peoples and tribes, linguistic and religious
minorities. By comparison, the nationality problems that
brought down Europe's old multinational empires at the end of
the First World War appear mere trivia. It is clear that these
states can only temporarily manage to contain tensions that
exist between their various constituent groups. Forty years
after the sub-continent was released from British colonial rule,
the central government in India, for example, is burdened by the
desire of states such as Assam and Nagaland and religious
minorities such as the Sikhs to secede from the republic.
Whether India is a multilingual nation or a multinational state
is still open to debate. The only conclusion the history of
twentieth-century southern Asia prompts is that nationalism has
been an effective weapon for liberation from colonial rule; but
in most cases has been powerless to build and sustain a solid
political order. Sri Lanka, politically united again under
British rule after having been divided into small kingdoms for
centuries, is today threatened by civil war between the Buddhist
Sinhalese and the Tamil minority..."
Communities : Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism / Paperback /
"...Nation, nationality, nationalism - all have proved
notoriously difficult to define, let alone analyse. In contrast to the immense influence
that nationalism has exerted on the modern world, plausible theory about it is
conspicuously meagre. Hugh Seton-Watson, author of by far the best and most comprehensive
English-language text on nationalisms and heir to a vast tradition of liberal
historiography and social science, sadly observes: 'Thus I am driven to the conclusion
that no "scientific definition" of the nation can be devised; yet the phenomenon
has existed and exists.'
Tom Nairn, author of the path-breaking The Breakup of Britain, and heir to the
scarcely less vast tradition of Marxist historiography and social science, candidly
remarks: 'The theory of nationalism represents Marxism's great historical failure".
But even this confession is somewhat misleading, insofar as it can be taken to
imply the regrettable outcome of a long, self conscious search for theoretical clarity. It
would be more exact to say that nationalism has proved an uncomfortable anomaly for
Marxist theory and, precisely for that reason, has been largely elided, rather than
How else to explain Marx's own failure to explicate the crucial pronoun in his
memorable formulation of 1848: 'The proletariat of each country must, of course, first of
all settle matters with its own bourgeoisie'? How else to account for the use, for over a
century, of the concept 'national bourgeoisie' without any serious attempt to justify
theoretically the relevance of the adjective? Why is this segmentation of the bourgeoisie
- a world class insofar as it is defined in terms of the relations of
The aim of this book is to offer some tentative suggestions for a more
satisfactory interpretation of the 'anomaly' of nationalism. My sense is that on
this topic both Marxist and liberal theory have become etiolated in a late Ptolemaic
effort to save the phenomena; and that a reorientation of perspective in, as it were, a
Copernican spirit, is urgently required. My point of departure is that
nationality, or, as one might prefer to put it in view of that word's multiple
significations, nation-ness, as well as nationalism, are cultural artefacts of a
Axel, Brian Keith. - The Nation’s Tortured Body: Violence,
Representation, and the Formation of a Sikh Diaspora. Durham and
London: Duke University Press, 2001.
Babejova, Eleonora. Fin-de-Siecle Pressburg: Conflict and Cultural
Coexistence in Bratislava, 1897-1914. East European Monographs
Series. Distributed by Columbia University Press. Boulder: East
European Monographs, 2003.
*Gopal Balakrishnan et al -
Mapping the Nation
Barth, Fredrik, Andre Gingrich, Robert Parkin and Sydel Silverman.
One Discipline, Four Ways: British, German, French, and American
Anthropology. The Halle Lectures, with a foreword by Chris Hann.
Chicago and London: University of Chicago, 2005.
* Timothy Baycroft
Nationalism in Europe 1789-1945 (Cambridge Perspectives in History)
* Timothy Baycroft Mark
What Is a Nation?: Europe 1789-1914
*Timothy Baycroft - Culture, Identity and Nationalism: French Flanders in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries (Royal Historical Society Studies in History New Series)
Benner, Erica. Really Existing Nationalisms: A Post-Communist View from Marx and
Engels. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1995.
Bell, David A. The Cult of the Nation in France: Inventing Nationalism,
1680-1800. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001.
Beiner, Ronald, ed. Theorizing Nationalism. Albany: State University of New York
Billig, Michael. Banal Nationalism. London: Sage Publications, 1995.
Biondich, Mark. Stjepan Radic, the Croat Peasant Party, and the Politics of Mass
Mobilization, 1904-1928. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2000.
Blum, Edward J. Reforging the White Republic: Race, Religion, and American
Nationalism, 1865-1898. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2005.
Borntraeger, Ekkehard W. Borders, Ethnicity and National Self-Determination.
Vienna: Baumueller, 1999.
Boyce, D. George. Nationalism in Ireland. Third Edition ed. London and New York:
Brass, Paul R. Ethnicity and Nationalism: Theory and Comparison. New Delhi:
Brehony, K. J. and N. Rassool, ed. Nationalisms Old and New. New York: St.
Martin's Press, 1999.
John Breuilly -
Nationalism and the State, Chicago: University of
Chicago Press, 1985.
Brown, Keith. The Past in Question: Modern Macedonia and the Uncertainties of
Nation. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003.
*Brown, Michael E, (Editor), et al - Nationalism and
Ethnic Conflict : An International Security Reader
Brubaker, Rogers. Nationalism Reframed: Nationhood and the National Question in
the New Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Bruce, Steve. The Edge of Union: The Ulster Loyalist Political Vision. Oxford,
New York and Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1994.
Brueggemeier, Franz-Josef, Marc Cioc, and Thomas Zeller (eds). How Green Were
the Nazis?: Nature, Environment, and Nation in the Third Reich. Series in
Ecology and History. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2005.
* Buchheit, Lee C -
Secession: The Legitimacy of Self-Determination
Burns, Jimmy. Barça: A People’s Passion. London: Bloomsbury, 1999.
Cairns, Alan C. Citizens Pluse: Aboriginal Peoples and the Canadian
State. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2000.
Nationalism (Concepts in Social Thought Series)
Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1997.
Margaret, - Nationhood and
Political Theory, October 1998
is a nation? As all commentators on nations and nationalism agree, this is a subject
on which it is extraordinarily hard to get a conceptual grip. Not that defining political
phenomena is ever easy: any attempt to encapsulate a complex and variable phenomenon in a
definition invites counter-examples, while the form of words chosen often has
controversial political overtones. But the bulk of the literature on nationhood breathes
an air of frustration that seems to have two sources, a sense that there is something
peculiarly elusive about nations, reinforced by the feeling that they are in any case such
ramshackle constructions of myth and illusion that they scarcely deserve serious analysis.
This sense that there is something particularly odd about nationhood can only be increased
by the perspective that I have so far adopted, since I have been implying on the one hand
that its capacity to generate the political power presupposed by liberal democratic
political theory makes nationhood highly significant, and on the other hand that this
vitally important political phenomenon is nevertheless so unobtrusive that most political
theorists somehow fail to notice it. I shall argue that all these peculiarities are
interconnected, that the power of nationhood is indeed linked with its elusiveness, and
that nations are exceedingly complex phenomena, the key to which lies in their ability to
mediate between different aspects of social and political life..."
Carey-Webb, Allen. Making
Subject(s): Literature and the Emergence of National Identity. New
York: Garland Publishing, 1998.
*Chatterjee, Partha - Nationalist Thought & the Colonial World - A Derivative Discourse
published by Zed Books Ltd. for the United Nations University, 1986
"Nationalism denied the alleged inferiority of the colonised
people; it also asserted that a backward nation could 'modernise' itself while retaining
its cultural identity. It thus produced a discourse in which, even as it challenged the
colonial claim to political domination, it also accepted the very intellectual premises of
'modernity' on which colonial domination was based. How are we to sort out these
contradictory elements in nationalist discourse?.. how does one accept what is valuable in
another's culture without losing one's own cultural identity?..."
From the backcover: Partha Chatterjee ...
criticises Western theories of Third World nationalism - both liberal and Marxist. He
demonstrates how Western theorists, with their emphasis on the power of reason, the
primacy of the hard sciences and the dominance of the empirical method, have assumed that
their presuppositions are universally valid, and, through the impact of Western education,
have imposed concepts of nationalism on non-Western peoples to the detriment, if not
destruction, of their own world-views. The author explores the central contradiction that
nationalism in Africa and Asia has consequently experienced: setting out to assert its
freedom from European domination, it yet remained a prisoner of European
post-Enlightenment rationalist discourse... It anticipates a new generation of popular
struggles that will redefine the content of Afro-Asian nationalism and the kinds of
society people wish to build....
Professor Chatterjee trained in the United States, and has taught at many institutions
including the Universities of Rochester and Amritsar. He has held visiting appointments at
St Antony's College, Oxford, and the Australian National University, Among his many
published works are Arms, Alliances and Stability (1975), The Stat of Political Theory
(1987)(co-author), and Bengal 1920-1947: the Land question (1984). He is a member of the
editorial group of Subaltern Studies: Writings on South Asian History and Society. He is
currently Professor of Political Science at the Centre for Studies in Social Sciences in
*Chatterjee, Partha - The Nation and
Its Fragments : Colonial and Postcolonial Histories (Princeton Studies in
Culture/Power/History) / Paperback / Published 1993
* Chatterjee, Partha -
The Partha Chatterjee Omnibus: Comprising Nationalist Thought and
the Colonial World, the Nation and Its Fragments, a Possible India
Cocks, Joan. Passion and Paradox: Intellectuals Confront the National
Question. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2002.
Colley, Linda. Britons: Forging the Nation 1707-1837. New Haven and London: Yale
University Press, 1992.
*Connor, Walker - Ethnonationalism
: The Quest for Understanding,1994
*Connor, Walker -
The National Question in Marxist-Leninist Theory and
"From a review by
C Voorhees: 'Walker Connor has been writing about ethno
decades. This is a much needed collection of his essays. They are well written and closely
argued. The importance of his arguments for understanding ethnic conflicts in today's
world can scarcely be overstated. If you believe that ethnicity and ethnic conflict can be
explained by such easily defined things as differences in language, religion, or skin
color, you must read this book.'"
Conversi, Daniele. The Basques, the Catalans and Spain:
Alternative Routes to Nationalist Mobilisation. London: Hurst &
Confino, Alon. The Nation as a Local Metaphor: Wurttemberg, Imperial
Germany, and National Memory, 1871-1918. Chapel Hill: University of
North Carolina Press, 1997.
Conversi, Daniele (ed.), Ethnonationalism in the Contemporary World:
Walker Connor and the Study of Nationalism. London and New York:
Cooper, Robert. Language Planning and Social Change. New York:
Cambridge University Press, 1989.
Coogan, Tim Pat. The IRA: A History. Revised Edition ed. Niwot,
Colorado: Roberts Rinehart, 1994.
Corse, Sarah M. Nationalism and Literature: The Politics of
Culture in Canada and the United States. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge
University Press, 1997.
Crawford, James, The Creation of States in
International Law, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1979
"Since the development of the modern international system, statehood has
been regarded as the paramount type of international personality; indeed, in doctrine if
not in practice, States were for a time regarded as the only international persons. This
is no longer so; but the political paramountcy of States over other international actors,
with whatever qualifications, continues, and Statehood remains the central type of legal
personality. Problems of definition and of application of the definition, of statehood
thus occupy an important place in the structure of international law....Perhaps the most
controversial issue in this area is the relationship between statehood and
Cronin, Mike. Sport and Nationalism in Ireland: Gaelic Games,
Soccer and Irish Identity since 1884. Dublin: Four Courts Press,
Cusack, Tricia and Síghle Bhreathnach-Lynch. Art, Nation and
Gender: Ethnic Landscapes, Myths and Mother-Figures. Burlington, VT:
*Cubitt, Geoffrey, (Editor) Imagining
Nations (York Studies in Cultural History) / Hardcover / Published 1998
* Cvetkovich, Ann, Douglas Kellner,
Global and the Local : Globalization and Cultural Studies (Cultural Studies Series)
/ Paperback / Published 1997
Dahbour, Omar and Ishay, Micheline R., ed. The Nationalism Reader.
Atlantic Highlands: Humanities Press, 1995.
Dalsimer, Adele M., ed. Visualizing Ireland: National Identity and
the Pictorial Tradition. Boston and London: Faber and Faber, 1993.
Dann, Otto, Miroslav Hroch, and Johannes Koll (eds). Patriotismus
und Nationsbildung am Ende des Heiligen Ramischen Reiches. Kalner
Beitraege zur Nationsforschung. Cologne: SH-Verlag, 2003. (Reviewed
for H-German by Jonathan Sperber).
*Karl Wolfgang Deutsch -
and Social Communication, Second Edition : An Inquiry into
the Foundations of Nationality
Etlin, Richard A. (ed.). Art, Culture, and Media under the Third
Reich. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002.
Geoff and Suny, Ronald Grigor, ed.
National : A Reader
New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996
*Emerson, Rupert -
From Empire to Nation: The Rise of Self-Assertion of Asian
and African Peoples.
Finnan, Joseph P. John Redmond and Irish Unity, 1912-1918. Irish
Studies Series. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2004.
Ivind, Oivind Fuglerud - Life on the
Outside : The Tamil Diaspora and Long-Distance Nationalism (Anthropology, Culture and
Society) / Paperback / Published: June 1999(**alternative
link to Amazon.co.uk)
Fritzsche, Peter. Germans into Nazis. Cambridge and London: Harvard
University Press, 1998.
Frommer, Benjamin. National Cleansing: Retribution against Nazi
Collaborators in Postwar Czechoslovakia. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press, 2005.
Gellner, Ernest, Professor of
Social Anthropology at Cambridge University
Nationalism Basil Blackwell, Paperback, 1983 (**alternate link to Amazon.co.uk
is not primarily a geographical location, it is a state of mind through which one becomes
what one has left behind. In the Tamil case many actually become what they have fled from.
Between the extremes of the warrior and the victim the refugee must carry out his
'bricolage', assemble the pieces and carry on. For many this life project takes the form
of internalised martyrdom, the fight for Eelam being replaced by a longing for Eelam which
grows into a constant part of the personality and becomes a counterweight,
counterweight, to the vicissitudes of exile. What is characteristic of the Tamil exile
situation, therefore, is a blurring of 'here' and 'there'; the dismembering of social
networks, the re-membering of an imaginary homeland, the attachment of an imagined
community to an imagined place. It is that from which they are excluded which makes them
not only 'refugees' but ' Tamil refugees'...The grand narrative of revolutionary
nationalism is adapted, by refugees who accept it, to provide a genesis of the
atrocities of the Sinhalese terrorists increased, to protect our lives we fled...'
This explanation goes beyond scientific history and represents a 'mythico-history'.
Not because it is untrue but because the Tamils as
a people are here heroised and placed within a more encompassing moral ordering of the
world where relationships and processes are reinterpreted within a dichotomy of good
"....What then is this contingent, but in our age seemingly universal and
normative, idea of the nation? Discussion of two very makeshift, temporary definitions
will help to pinpoint this elusive concept.
(1) Two men are of the same nation if and only if they share the same culture,
where culture in turn means a system of ideas and signs and associations and ways of
behaving and communicating.
(2 )Two men are of the same nation if and only if they recognize each other as
belonging to the same nation. In other words, nations maketh man; nations are the
artefacts of men's convictions and loyalties and solidarities.
A mere category of persons (say, occupants of a given territory, or speakers of
a given language, for example) becomes a nation if and when the members of the category
firmly recognize certain mutual rights and duties to each other in virtue of their shared
membership of it. It is their recognition of each other as fellows of this kind which
turns them into a nation, and not the other shared attributes, whatever they might be,
which separate that category from non-members.
Each of these provisional definitions, the cultural and the voluntaristic, has
some merit. Each of them singles out an element which is of real importance in the
understanding of nationalism. But neither is adequate. Definitions of culture, presupposed
by the first definition, in the anthropological rather than the normative sense, are
notoriously difficult and unsatisfactory. It is probably best to approach this problem by
using this term without attempting too much in the way of formal definition, and looking
at what culture does..."
**Gellner, Ernest, Professor of
Social Anthropology at Cambridge University -
and Book : The Structure of Human History
*Gellner, Ernest -
Nations and Nationalism (New perspectives on the past)
*John A. Hall (Editor) -
The State of the Nation : Ernest Gellner and the Theory of
*Gilbert, Paul - Peoples,
Cultures, and Nations in Political Philosophy, July 2000
*Ernst B. Haas -
Nationalism, Liberalism and Progress: Volume 1 The Rise and Decline
of Nationalism (Cornell Studies in Political Economy)
*Ernst B. Haas, Peter J. Katzenstein -
Nationalism, Liberalism, and Progress, Volume 2 : The Dismal
Fate of New Nations
*Adrian Hastings -
The Construction of Nationhood : Ethnicity, Religion and
Nationalism (Wiles Lectures, 1996.)
Hardgrave, Robert L -
The Dravidian Movement, 1965
N. Kly (Preface),
Richard Falk -
In Pursuit of the Right to Self-Determination
Collected Papers of
the First International Conference, 2000
|Hans Kohn -
*The Age of
Nationalism : The First Era of Global History (**alternate
link to Amazon.co.uk
Realism : 1852-1879 / Paperback / Published 1968
*The Idea of Nationalism: A Study in Its Origins and Background (Social Science Classics Series) 1944
"...Nationalism is first and foremost a state of mind, an act of
consciousness... the mental life of man is as much dominated by an ego-consciousness as it
is by a group consciousness. Both are complex states of mind at which we arrive through
experiences of differentiation and opposition, of the ego and the surrounding world, of
the we group and those outside the group. It is a fact often commented upon that this
growth of nationalism and of national sectionalisms happened at the very same time when
international relations,trade, and communications were developing as never before; that
local languages were raised to the dignity of literary and cultural languages just at the
time when it seemed most desirable to efface all differences of language by the spread of
world languages. This view overlooks the fact that that very growth of nationalism all
over the earth, with its awakening of the masses to participation in political and
cultuarl life, prepared the way for the closer cultural contacts of all the civilisations
of mankind, at the same time separating and uniting them...."
peoples : studies in nineteenth century nationalism
* Michael Hechter
Internal colonialism: The Celtic fringe in British national development, 1536-1966 (International library of sociology)
Kumar, et al -
The Making of English National Identity (Cambridge Cultural
*Kenneth R. Minogue -
* Guibernau, Montserrat -
Nations without States: Political Communities in a Global Age, 1999
"Montserrat Guibernau has written a clear, succinct and stimulating
analysis of the politics of stateless nations. Her book should be
recommended reading for courses in ethnicity and nationalism in Europe
and should have a wide appeal to professionals and students in the
social and political sciences." Anthony D. Smith, London School of Economics
[note by tamilnation.org
- A must read book for those concerned with furthering their
understanding of the
World: Nations without a State. see also
Nations & Nationalism]
*Guibernau, M..Montserrat and I.Berdun(Editor), et al - The Ethnicity
Reader : Nationalism, Multiculturalism and Migration / Paperback / Published
Nationalism: Five Roads to Modernity
-.The Spirit of Capitalism : Nationalism and Economic Growth
*Michael Hechter -
*Hobsbawm, Eric J.
Professor of Economic and Social History, Birkbeck College, University of London - Nations and
Nationalism Since 1780 : Programme, Myth, Reality (Canto Series) / Paperback
*Donald L. Horowitz -
Ethnic Groups in Conflict, Updated Edition With a New
Laquer - A History of
Zionism Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London
"...Zionism is the belief in the existence of
a common past and a common future for the Jewish people. Such faith can be accepted or
rejected, it can be a matter of rational argument only to a very limited extent... As far
as national movements go, myths are always more powerful motives than rational
arguments... The Zionists believed with Mazzini that without a country, they were bound to
remain the bastards of humanity. Others did not accept the idea of a national state as a
*James M. McPherson - Is Blood Thicker
Than Water? : Crises of Nationalism in the Modern World / Paperback / Published
*Birgit Meyer(Editor), Peter Geschiere (Editor) - Globalization
and Identity : Dialectics of Flow and Closure / Paperback / Published 1999
Leonard W. Doob (Introduction) - Nations without
States January 1996
Moore(Editor) - National Self-Determination and Secession,
"The book surveys the current status of 210 nations that are not states,
and which are not recognized by major countries as being independent political entities.
Appendices list declarations of independence by nonstate nations since 1890, geographical
distribution, and nationalist organizations. Minahan discusses the problems involved
in establishing criteria for inclusion. Antarctica, for example, publishes postage stamps,
but has no citizens; Palestine has embassies but is not an independent state... "
This is an important book and will be essential reading for many
in the Tamil diaspora. It contains a collection of articles on the central issues relating
to national self determination and secession. Do nations have a right to collective
self-determination? If they do, what is it about nations that entitles them to this
right? If not, are there any conditions in which a group can justifiably secede from a
state? ... more
*Tom Nairn - Faces of
Nationalism : Janus Revisited / Paperback / Published 1998
(Editor) - Notions of Nationalism published
by Central European University Press, Budapest, London, New York, 1995
years, following the end of the cold war and the relative simplicities of the bipolar
confrontation, nationalism has re-emerged as a dominant force and ideology in our world.
Everywhere, peoples who had been confined within the borders of countries with which they
did not identify, and whose regimes they intensely disliked, have been seeking
self-determination and democracy. Notions of Nationalism, as the title implies, is an
exploration of a phenomenon that all of us need to understand."
Pandian, Jacob - Caste,
nationalism, and ethnicity : an interpretation of Tamil cultural history and social order
Notions of Nationalism
*Norman Rich - Age of
Nationalism and Reform, 1850-1890 / Paperback / Published 1980
*Dov Ronen The Quest for
Self-Determination , 1979
*Rothschild, Joseph. -
Ethnopolitics: A Conceptual Framework
* Andreas Pickel (ed)
Economic Nationalism In A Globalizing World (Cornell Studies in Political Economy)
Ponnambalam Sangarapillai -
நாம் தமிழர்: We Tamils English
Translation by Dr.Manoharan
Krishna - Postcolonial
Insecurities: India, Sri Lanka, and the Question of Nationhood University
of Minnesota Press,1999 [**also at amazon.co.uk]
[suggested by a visitor to the site]
From the Publishers Note:
ambitious work explores the vexed connections among nation-building,
ethnic identity, and regional conflict by focusing on a specific event:
Indian political and military intervention in the ethnic conflict
between the Sinhalese and Tamils in Sri Lanka. Drawing on interviews with leading players in the
Indian-Sri Lankan debacle, Sankaran Krishna offers a persuasive analysis
of this episode. The intervention serves as a springboard to a broader
inquiry into the interworkings of nation-building, ethnicity, and
"foreign" policy. Krishna argues that the modernist effort to
construct nation-states on the basis of singular notions of sovereignty
and identity has reached a violent dead end in the postcolonial world of
South Asia. Showing how the nationalist agenda that seeks to align
territory with identity has unleashed a spiral of regional, statist, and
insurgent violence, he makes an eloquent case for reimagining South Asia
along postnational lines-as a "confederal" space.
Postcolonial Insecurities counters the perception of
"ethnicity" as an inferior and subversive principle compared
with the progressive ideal of the "nation." Krishna, in fact,
shows ethnicity to be indispensable to the production and reproduction
of the nation itself. Sankaran Krishna is associate professor of political
science at the University of Hawaii at Manoa."
Anthony D. Smith
- London School of Economics
The Ethnic Origins of Nations
Nationalism in a Global Era /Paperback /February 1996
"...the nation is historically embedded. It is the
modern heir and transformation of the much older and commoner ethnie and as such gathers
to itself all the symbols and myths of pre-modern ethnicity. Combining these pre-modern
ties and sentiments with the explosive modern charge of popular sovereignty and mass,
public culture, nationalism has created a unique modern drama of national liberation and
popular mobilization in an ancestral homeland. The older myths of ethnic election... have
not withered away. Nationalism has given them a new lease of life, inspiring a yearning
for collective regeneration in the homeland and for salvation of the national elect
provided they repossess their authentic identity and ancestral soil..."
(Oxford Readers) / Paperback / Published 1996 John Hutchinson(Editor),
Anthony D. Smith (Editor)
Ethnicity and Nationalism edited by Anthony D. Smith, -
International Studies in Sociology and Social Anthropology, Volume LX, published by
E.J.Brill, Leiden, New York, Koln, 1992
"... What, I think, distinguishes the last twenty years from earlier
periods in the study of nationalism is the growing convergence of two fields, which had
been formerly treated as separate: the study of ethnicity and ethnic community, and the
analysis of national identity and nationalism. The former had been largely the preserve of
anthropologists and social psychologists, and had focused on small-scale communities,
often in Third World areas. The latter had been the province of historians, for whom the
ideology (and ethics) of nationalism was paramount. Nationalism was seen as a 'force',
non-logical if not irrational, one which swept away traditional barriers and ushered in a
new era of national conflicts and mass terror, a view reinforced by nationalism's alleged
role in two World Wars..." more
Memories of the Nation, /Paperback / December 1999
*The Nation in
History : Historiographical Debates About Ethnicity and Nationalism / Hardcover /July
Identity / Paperback /May 1991
national identity is the main form of collective
identification. Whatever the feelings of individuals, it provides the dominant criterion of culture and identity, the
sole principle of government and the chief focus of social and economic activity. The appeal of the nation
and nationalism is global; there is no area free from ethnic protests and nationalist uprisings. Praised or reviled the nation shows few
signs of being transcended, and nationalism does not appear to be losing any part of its explosive
popular power and significance.
There is nothing random or recent in this state of affairs. It is rooted in a
long history of ethnic
ties and sentiments that reach back long before the birth of our modern world, but that have been
unexpectedly and powerfully revitalized by modern bureaucratic state systems, capitalist class structures and the
widespread longing for immortality and
dignity in a community of history and destiny in a secular age.
Through the rediscovery of an ethnic past and the promise of
collective restoration of the former golden age, national identity and nationalism have succeeded in arousing and inspiring ethnic communities and populations of all classes, regions, genders and religions, to claim their rights as 'nations', territorial communities of
historically cognate citizens, in a
of free and equal nations. Here is an identity and a force with which even the strongest of
states has had to come to terms, and it is one that has shaped, and is likely to shape, our world in the foreseeable future..."
Modernism : A Critical Survey of Recent Theories of Nations and Nationalism November 1998
Critical Concepts in Political Science - John Hutchinson (Editor), Anthony D. Smith (Editor) Hardcover (January 2000)
*Chosen Peoples: Sacred Sources of National Identity
*Jeremy Smith - The Bolsheviks
and the National Question, 1917-23 (Studies in Russia and East Europe) /
Hardcover / Published 1999
*Zlatko Skrbis - Long-Distance
Nationalism : Diasporas, Homelands and Identities (Research in Migration and Ethnic
Relations Series) / Hardcover / Published 1999
*Ronald Grigor Suny(Editor), Michael D. Kennedy
(Editor) - Intellectuals
and the Articulation of the Nation / Hardcover / Published 1999
* Ian Talbot
India and Pakistan (Inventing the Nation),
*Winston A. Van Horne(Editor), Carol Edler Baumann
Convulsions : Race, Ethnicity, and Nationalism at the End of the Twentieth Century /
Paperback / Published 1997
*Maurizio Viroli - For Love of
Country : An Essay on Patriotism and Nationalism / Paperback / Published
*Vamik D. Volkan - Blood Lines :
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